Saturday, January 28

112 Extremadura activates the earliest heat alerts in recent years

Community alert levels for the weekend. / TODAY

For the weekend the red level will be in force in the province of Badajoz, due to the rise in temperatures, and it maintains the orange level in that of Cáceres

The Autonomous Community of Extremadura has recorded the earliest heat alerts this year, at least in the last seven years, according to data from the General Directorate of Public Health of the Extremadura Health Service (SES).

As reported by the Urgencies and Emergency Care Center 112 of Extremadura, the Surveillance and Prevention Plan for the Effects of Excessive Temperature on Health is activated at a red level (risk 3) in the province of Badajoz, due to the rebound of the temperatures, and maintains the orange level (risk 2) in Cáceres.

In the next five days, thermometers are expected to exceed maximum and minimum thresholds.

alerts are advanced

While last year 2021 the first level 1 alert (yellow) occurred on June 9, the first level 2 alert (orange) arrived on July 17 and there were no level 3 alerts (red), this year 2022 the first yellow occurred on May 20, when the heat wave surveillance season had not yet started, the first orange occurred on June 8 and the first level 3 arrives today June 10.

In 2020, the first alert was issued on July 4 (orange); in 2019 on July 19 (yellow); in 2018 on July 31 (orange); in 2017 on June 16 (orange in Cáceres and red in Badajoz) and in 2016, on June 13 (orange).


To avoid suffering the negative effects of high temperatures, such as “syncope due to heat”, the General Directorate of Public Health of the SES recalls the importance of following basic guidelines of behavior such as avoiding exposure to the sun and activities that involve physical effort during the central hours of the day, at least between 12:00 and 18:00, and hydrate by drinking at least one glass of water every two hours even if you are not thirsty, something especially important in the case of the elderly and young children.

It also advises eating light meals, avoiding alcoholic or exciting drinks and ventilating the houses by opening the windows at night and closing them during the day.

In the event of suffering symptoms such as dizziness, cramps, exhaustion, headache or confusion, the Extremadura Health Service recommends stopping the activity that is being carried out, drinking water, resting in the shade or in a cool place, and if possible cooling off with a bath or a shower.

If the symptoms worsen with fever, severe headache, nausea, rapid but weak pulse or loss of consciousness, it is necessary to seek immediate medical assistance, either by calling 112 or by going to the nearest health center.


On June 1, the Junta de Extremadura activated the so-called Surveillance and Prevention Plan for the Effects of Excessive Temperatures on Health, which establishes an operating protocol for the different bodies and entities involved to reduce the impact of extreme temperatures on the health of the population.

The Plan, which will remain activated until September 30, contemplates three levels of risk depending on the number of days that, according to the weather forecast, the usual maximum daytime and nighttime temperatures in each geographical area will be simultaneously exceeded, which in the province of Badajoz they are 40º maximum and 20º minimum, and in Cáceres 38º maximum and 22º minimum.

Thus, when temperatures are expected to exceed these reference levels for one or two days, level 1 or low risk will be assigned, represented in yellow; if the forecast indicates that the situation will last three or four days, level 2 or medium risk will be established, represented in orange; In the event that five days of temperatures above the reference temperatures are forecast, level 3 or high risk will be assigned, represented in red.

Risk population

The document defines as a population especially susceptible to situations of excessive heat, among others, those over 65 years of age, under 4 years of age, people with chronic diseases, memory disorders and those receiving certain medical treatments such as diuretics, neuroleptics, anticholinergics and tranquilizers.

Also included among the population at risk are consumers of alcohol or other drugs, people who live in disadvantaged social and economic conditions, or those who suffer excessive exposure to heat for work, sports or leisure reasons.

Among other actions, the Plan contemplates coordination measures of the different competent public and private entities, information to the population about the effects of excessive heat, identification of risk groups and prediction of heat waves.

In addition, it establishes the provision of information to health and social service professionals, declaration, where appropriate, of alerts from social care and primary care and hospital care devices, and data collection to incorporate it into the epidemiological surveillance and information system.

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