Italy is synonymous with political instability. At least that’s what the data shows. Mario Draghi’s resignation means that elections will be held in the country on September 25 to elect the new government, which will be the seventieth since the end of World War II. 69 governments with 44 different prime ministers for a country that can be considered ungovernable.
To put it in context, since 1994, Spain has had five presidents (Felipe González, Jose María Aznar, José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, Mariano Rajoy and Pedro Sánchez), France another five, and Germany four foreign ministers. Italy, for its part, has had 10 presidents in 16 different governments. The reason is the great fragmentation of Parliament, which does not have any party with a clear majority. This causes political instability, and any conflict causes governments to falter.
70 different executives in the last 76 years means that, on average, Italy has a new government every 13 months. Mario Draghi, the latest victim that Italian politics has claimed, was invested on February 13, 2021 after the collapse of the previous government coalition due to disputes over the use of European Union funds to recover from the crisis generated by the pandemic. , and with the aim of stabilizing Parliament. However, the Italian Prime Minister’s chair has once again proved that it burns and, after 18 months in officehas been forced to resign.
De Gasperi, the one who has held the position of prime minister for the longest consecutive time
Alcide de Gasperi has the honor of being the prime minister who has spent the longest consecutive time in office. At the end of World War II, De Gasperi became the uncontested leader of Christian democracy. From 1946 to 1953, he heads eight successive governments. In turn, he is Italian Foreign Minister. During his mandate, he joins Italy to NATO, integrates it into the ECSC and signs the De Gasperi-Gruber Agreement. 7 years at the helm of the executive, which are far from the 16 consecutive years that Chancellors Helmut Kohl and Angela Merkel, respectively, remained in office in Germany.
Berlusconi, 9 years as prime minister in three different stages
Silvio Berlusconi is, of the 44 different prime ministers that Italy has had, the one who has held the position the longest. Unlike De Gasperi, he governed in three different stages, 1994-1995, 2001-2006 and 2008-2011. 9 years that, however, were marked by his political scandals and his private life, which also did not allow Italy to have clear political stability.
Mario Draghi’s resignation comes at a very delicate moment for the European Union. Added to the departure of Boris Johnson in the United Kingdom, it represents a severe blow to Europe, which is in a situation of weakness due to the War in Ukraine and the consequences that it entails. Italy and the United Kingdom are two very important powers to combat Russia and the rest of the threats that Europe is going to face in the coming months.
George is Digismak’s reported cum editor with 13 years of experience in Journalism