Photo: JULIO CESAR AGUILAR / AFP / Getty Images
In Mexican territory there are about 230,000 migrants seeking international protection amid the historical flow that the country is facing, estimated on Tuesday a report from the Colegio de México (Colmex).
Among them there are about 170,300 who have requested refuge in the Mexican Commission for Refugee Assistance (Comar), 40,000 with cases under the Migrant Protection Protocol (MPP in English or “Remain in Mexico”) and almost 18,700 on the waiting list to start their application in the United States.
“This figure has grown significantly in recent years, from the Comar and the United States figures. The number of asylum seekers in the region has increased significantly since 2015 ”, stated researcher Isabel Gil Everaert in the presentation of the study.
But, in addition to foreigners, the report “The intersection of foreign policy with immigration policy in Mexico today”, found 357,000 cases of internal displacement motivated by violence since 2009.
“It is an estimate provided by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Center and is based on hemerographic records, given that currently there are no own estimates, either from the Government or from any institution,” said researcher Oscar Rodríguez.
The report is published amid a record migratory flow to the United States, whose US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) has “found” more than 1.5 million illegal immigrants on the border with Mexico so far in fiscal year 2021.
In addition, the National Institute of Migration (INM) of Mexico has detected 147,000 undocumented persons detected from January to August, triple that of 2020.
The Government of Andrés Manuel López Obrador has received criticism for its recent treatment of migrant caravans and the militarization of the southern border, after starting his term with the promise to welcome migrants and an electoral campaign in which he condemned today’s xenophobia. Former US President Donald Trump.
“The action of several recent governments, including the current one, but also previous governments, has been marked by an incoherence between the letter and the practice, due to little attention to new migrant groups,” warned Claudia Masferrer, co-editor of the report.
The researcher Luicy Pedroza acknowledged that Mexico “has been forced” in recent years “to accept migratory agreements under pressure” and even “under conditions of coercion”.
“The authorities argue that they have negotiated the least burdensome option for Mexico. However, Mexico has assumed enormous costs, especially compared to the approach that it wanted to promote at the beginning of this Government in migration matters ”, he considered.
Despite the arrival of Joe Biden, the possibility of immigration reform looks “very far away” in the United States, lamented Martha Bárcena, former Mexican ambassador to the United States, who recalled that 18% of the US population is already of Latino origin.
The diplomat also warned of the “migration” of the binational agenda between Mexico and the United States, as happened in the passage with drug trafficking, which prevented other priority issues from being addressed.
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Eddie is an Australian news reporter with over 9 years in the industry and has published on Forbes and tech crunch.