- BBC News World
Following the suicide bombings of the self-proclaimed Islamic State (IS) in the vicinity of the Kabul airport that have killed at least 90 people, the options for Afghans to leave their country have not only become more dangerous, but have been reduced.
US President Joe Biden declared that his forces will not remain in Afghanistan for a moment after the August 31 deadline.
And its ally Britain is already in the final stages of evacuation, recognizing that they will not be able to remove all the Afghan civilians and collaborating officials with whom it had engaged.
But the Afghans have other alternatives to go overland. The main one is through its border with Pakistan, although it is still dangerous.
This is where another refugee drama is unfolding due to the remote and arid territory, the lack of security and the presence of Taliban militants who have already warned that they will not let Afghans leave the country.
While the eyes of the world have focused on the crowds gathered at the airport in the capital Kabul, huddled against the gates and desperate to get on an evacuation flight, similar scenes are unfolding on the Afghanistan-Pakistan border.
In the border town of Spin Boldak, for example, the number of Afghans trying to leave the country has more than doubled since the Taliban came to power.
According to the British newspaper The GuardianBefore the fall of Kabul, some 21,000 people crossed this point every day, butnow they are coming more than 100,000 a day to that border.
The journey to that point is fraught with risk. Families with children, the elderly and disabled people travel through abandoned, unsafe roads to reach checkpoints where the flags of the Taliban, whose members are patrolling armed on the Afghan side, now fly.
However, that is not the end of Calvary.
Pakistan is finishing erecting a fence between the two countries and reports state that single they are being allowed to the merchants or a those with valid travel documents to visit relatives or receive medical treatment.
Many do not have documentation and wait in the heat or pay traffickers to escape the crisis in their country.
“The vast majority of Afghans cannot leave the country through regular channels,” a spokesman for the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) said last week.
“As of today, those who may be in danger do not have a clear exit option.”
Shortly after the Taliban took control of Kabul, several thousand Afghans managed to cross through the town of Torkham, the most congested entrance to Pakistan, but now the crossing has become more complicated, according to BBC correspondent Sarah Atiq. .
Pakistani security officials say they want to avoid the passage of militiamen disguised as civilians and so the process and control has been tightened.
On the other hand, says Atiq, there is more Taliban presence, is not allowing the exit of civilians.
Almost three million Afghan refugees already live in Pakistan, half of whom are unregistered, even though they have been there for decades.
The government in Islamabad says they have reached the limit and cannot accept more people from the neighboring country, despite the request of the UNHCR.
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Eddie is an Australian news reporter with over 9 years in the industry and has published on Forbes and tech crunch.