The Murcian Institute for Agricultural and Food Research and Development (Imida) and the Segura Center for Soil Science and Applied Biology (Cebas-CSIC) presented this Wednesday, after ten years of joint research, the first results of the genetic improvement of the Japanese plum.
These are two varieties of plum with red flesh, ‘Lucía Myrtea’ and ‘Victoria Myrtea’, of great taste quality and perfectly adapted to warm growing areas due to its reduced cold needs. In addition, these varieties present a series of very attractive characteristics demanded by consumers, such as their purplish skin and an intense red pulp with a firm, juicy, aromatic texture and a great flavor.
All these characteristics give these two new varieties (with which the ‘Myrtea Plums’ series begins) a great commercial potential that will contribute to relaunch the Japanese plum cultivation, which has declined in recent years. Likewise, the early maturation of both varieties will allow offer high quality red flesh plum throughout the month of June. Specifically, the variety ‘Lucía Myrtea’ will be configured as the first annual supply of red-fleshed plums, in the first days of June.
Another remarkable feature is the floral self-compatibility in the case of ‘Victoria Myrtea’, a very exceptional aspect in plum varieties, and especially interesting for farmers, since it does not need pollination from another variety.
‘Lucía Myrtea’ and ‘Victoria Myrtea’ They are already available to producers through a plant material transfer system that ensures plant health and traceability. In this way, the multiplication is carried out by the Agromillora Iberia SL nursery, while the commercialization is carried out through various licensee nurseries. Currently, marketing licenses have already been signed with Viveros Nurfruits SL and Viveros José Antonio Gómez SL
The plum improvement program continues in full swing at the Casa Marín de Calasparra experimental farm, provided by the Training and Technology Transfer Service of the Ministry of Water, Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries and the Environment.
The presentation of the new ‘Myrtea Plums’ varieties was attended, among others, by the directors of the two research centers responsible for the plum improvement program and the researchers.
Those responsible for the research team pointed out that these varieties are the result of an important joint research work and that, in addition, advanced selections have been generated that are in the final evaluation phase and will allow to register and make available to farmers an important number of new varieties in the coming years.
The Japanese plum genetic improvement program is jointly developed and co-financed by Cebas-CSIC and Imida, through the Associated Unit made up of the Cebas Fruit Tree Genetic Improvement Group and the Imida Fruit Tree Improvement Team.
Eddie is an Australian news reporter with over 9 years in the industry and has published on Forbes and tech crunch.