Saturday, December 4

Alegría defends the “consensus” in the FP law and denies that the concerted is not satisfied with the norm




The Council of Ministers approved this Tuesday in the Council of Ministers the draft bill on Vocational Training (FP), advanced by ABC, in the second round. Another norm that inherits, like the Lomloe, the minister Pilar Aleglaugh of its predecessor, Isabel Celaá. When approved in the second round, it leaves the Council of Ministers as a bill.

“This trend of dialogue and general agreement has reigned, thanks to the contributions of unions and employers we have been able to improve the Dual model,” Minister Alegría said in the round after the Council of Ministers. «We are going to reduce unemployment rates in our country and especially youth employment rates, which is now at 35 percent. In the case of all those students who have FP, unemployment affects them six times less than those who do not, “said Alegría.

The Spanish Confederation of Organizations (CEOE) has indicated to ABC that it will make a more extensive assessment this Wednesday but that, in any case, it will be positive.

The sector that has not been so happy with the norm is the concerted one. In the case of programming the offer of training cycles supported with public funds, they assured ABC that “it is not carried out with the participation of the affected sectors (as indicated, on the other hand, by article 27 of the Constitution) and they continue to bet that it is a unilateral attribution of the educational administration (Ministry of Education and communities) “, lament industry sources. They also add that this petition was part of an amendment approved by the State School Board that was not incorporated into the legal text.

Asked about this question by ABC, the Minister of Education once again insisted that the rule has been drawn up with “consensus”, both employers and unions and, with respect to the agreed, has said that it is not what she thinks and that in the meetings she held with the sector they have been satisfied.

General and intensive VET and contracts

The text divides VET into general and intensive. In the case of the latter, the preliminary draft of the first round set a maximum limit and allowed companies teach up to 40% of the curriculum, while now it goes on to set a minimum. Thus, the participation of the company or equal body in the learning outcomes or professional modules of the curriculum will be «more than 30 percent»In the case of the intensive, that is, the one carried out by alternating training in the VET center with training in the company, the latter being “Paid within the framework of a training contract”. The previous wording (first round) spoke of a “work” contract.

In the case of VET under the general regime, the participation of the company in the learning outcomes of the curriculum will be «up to 20 percent». Unlike the intensive, in this type of FP there is no training contract.

Duration of training

In addition, in general VET, the duration of the training in the company will be between 25% and 35% of the total duration of the training offered. But the text approved this Tuesday (and which was already incorporated into the one published by ABC last Saturday) adds that “exceptionally, offers associated with level 1 professional competence standards may design in-company training from 20% of the duration total of the training offer ».

In the case of intensive VET, the duration of the training in the company or comparable organization «will be greater than 35% of the total duration of the training»(Here it is eliminated from the first round text that the maximum percentage was 50%).

This has not pleased the concerted either. Why? Because the more time the student spends in the company, the less he spends in the center. “We are going to have to fire teachers,” they warn from one of the large employers of the concerted.

New model

The law changes the model and establishes that the offer of professional training will be organized, depending on the extent of the training to be provided, in degrees: A, B, C, D and E. Thus, with the first (A) it will be achieved a partial accreditation of competence, with the second (B) a certificate of competence, with the third (C) a professional certificate, with the fourth (D) the basic, intermediate or higher degree title. With the fifth (E) a specialization course will be obtained.

All students who achieve a certificate or degree of Degree C and D will go through the company during their training.

On the other hand, it is also proposed that higher vocational training students can take optional subjects in faculties and, on the other hand, that university students can travel to institutes to do internships.

Bridges between VET and university

On the other hand, it is also proposed that higher vocational training students can take optional subjects in faculties and, on the other hand, that university students can travel to institutes to do internships.

A rule of 5,000 million euros

According to the regulatory impact analysis report, which this newspaper has also accessed, the law has an implementation period of four years in which it is expected to invest 5,474.42 million euros, divided as follows: 1,668 , 55 million in 2022; 1,668.41 million in 2023; 1,068.73 million in 2024; and 1,068.73 million in 2025. During the next two budget years, the Government plans to use European funds for the resilience plan. Thus, in 2022 the Government will allocate 775.1 million euros and in 2023, another 771.3 million euros.

The rest of the money from the aforementioned exercises will come from the General State Budgets until reaching the figure of 1,668 million euros. As of the year 2024, the Government will not be able to use the resilience plan to finance the Vocational Training system.

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