- BBC World News
Images of protesters storming the United States Congress have caused a stir around the world.
Cinco Dead people as a result of the attack, launched by supporters of President Donald Trump after the outgoing president addressed them during a demonstration in Washington DC.
The protesters later stormed the building to denounce what they consider to be electoral fraud of which there is no evidence and which has been rejected by judges in all instances. The parliamentarians were meeting to formally certify the victory of Democrat Joe Biden.
The president-elect called it an “insurrection”while Vice President Mike Pence said the violence had been a “dark day in the history of the US Capitol.”
But this it’s not the first Once Congress, considered the symbolic heart of American democracy, is struck by violence.
From bombs to foreign invasions, here are four more times the US Capitol was attacked.
British forces attempt to burn it – 1814
Perhaps the most famous attack was that of british forces during the Anglo-American War of 1812.
British troops, led by Vice Admiral Sir Alexander Cockburn and Major General Robert Ross, set fire to the Capitol, which was still under construction, after invading Washington DC in August 1814.
It was in retaliation for the arson set by the Americans in York, the capital of Upper Canada, a province of the British Empire in southeastern present-day Canada, a year earlier.
The capitol building survived thanks to a downpour.
The British also set fire to other iconic buildings in the American capital, including the White House.
The attack of 1814 was the only time that a foreign power captured and occupied Washington DC.
In 2014, the British embassy in Washington apologized after tweeting a photo of a White House cake surrounded by flares, “commemorating” the burning of the building 200 years earlier.
Following the attack on the Capitol on Wednesday, New Jersey Democratic Senator Cory Booker said there was an interesting parallel between the two events, as the two attacks were made on behalf of an individual leader: in 1814 by the King of England and now on behalf of Trump.
“In both cases democratic principles were abandoned in favor of a cult of personality,” he said during a speech in Congress.
The difference, he noted, “is that then it was another country that attacked us, and now we generate this hell from within“.
Dynamite attack of July 4, 1915
A century after the British attack, Erich Muenter, a former professor of German at Harvard University, blew up three sticks of dynamite in the Senate reception room.
The explosion damaged the building, but no one died.
Muenter later stated that the attack was in response to American financiers who helping at UK to face Germany in the First World War.
Writing under a pseudonym in the Washington Evening Star, Muenter said he hoped the attack “would make enough noise to be heard above the voices crying out for war.”
And he added: “This explosion is an exclamation point in my call for peace.”
One day after the attack, Muenter the shot and wounded financier JP Morgan Jr., before being subdued by Morgan’s butler and arrested.
He ended up taking his life.
Attack of the Puerto Rican Nationalists – 1954
On March 1, 1954, four Puerto Rican nationalists entered the visitor’s gallery of the House of Representatives and, waving the island’s flag, they yelled “Freedom for Puerto Rico” as they opened fire.
Five congressmen were injured.
“I didn’t come to kill anyone, I came to die for Puerto Rico!” shouted the group leader, Lolita lebron, during his arrest.
Lebron was sentenced to 50 years behind bars, while the three men accompanying her received a 75-year prison sentence.
The sentences were commuted later by President Jimmy Carter.
Carter said the release was “a significant humanitarian gesture and would be seen as such by much of the international community.”
The group was cheered on by a crowd upon their return to Puerto Rico.
‘Conspiracy of the Resistance’ – 1983
On November 7, 1983, an explosion ripped through the second floor of the Senate.
A few minutes earlier, someone claiming to belong to a group called the Armed Resistance Unit called a switchboard at the Capitol, warning of an attack.
According to that person, the attack was in retaliation for US military actions in Grenada and Lebanon.
There were no casualties, but the explosion did costly damage.
In 1988, FBI agents arrested seven members of the radical leftist group Resistance Conspiracy for the attack on the Capitol and separate explosions at Fort McNair and the Washington Navy Yard, in 1983 and 1984.
Linda Evans y Laura Whitehorn They were imprisoned for conspiracy and malicious destruction of government property in 1991.
Both are now free.
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Eddie is an Australian news reporter with over 9 years in the industry and has published on Forbes and tech crunch.