Friday, January 28

Bankruptcy proceedings rise more than 50% in the first half of 2021, according to the CGPJ

If any comparison is odious, with a year as atypical as 2020 was due to the pandemic, the aphorism takes on other proportions. The statistics of the effects of the economic crisis carried out by the General Council of the Judiciary reflects that in the first semester of the year the number of bankruptcy proceedings, including those presented in the Commercial Courts and those of individuals registered in the courts first instance, amounted to 4,925, a figure that in percentage terms represents an increase of 50.4% compared to the same quarter of 2020.

The upward trend was accentuated in non-business people, who with 2,531 experienced a year-on-year increase of 61.4%. Catalonia was the autonomous community with the most contests of this type (687, representing 27.1% of the national total), followed by Madrid, with 386; Andalusia, with 362, and the Valencian Community, with 314. In the Commercial Courts, 2,394 tenders were presented, 40.3% of the 4,925 presented in total.

Also in this case, Catalonia was the community with the highest number, 817 (34.1% of the national total). They were followed by the Valencian Community, with 340; Madrid, with 294, and Andalusia, with 254. For the first time, in this quarter the data is available broken down according to the competitions that have been presented in the commercial courts by businessmen (834) or by legal entities (1,560).

In the same quarter, a total of 111 tenders reached the agreement phase, while 932 began the liquidation phase, 18.7% more than a year ago.


The number of launches made in the first quarter of 2021 amounted to 10,961, 13.4% compared to the same period of 2020. One more quarter, the launches derived from the Urban Leasing Law (LAU) continued to be the majority, with 71.7% of the total, which totaled 7,862; another 2,548 (23.2%) were the result of non-payment of mortgages and the remaining 551 were due to other causes.

Between January and March of this year there was the first year-on-year increase, since the second half of 2015, in launches as a result of non-payment of mortgages. The increase they experienced was 6.5%. Launches derived from LAU also increased by 14%, and those due to other causes by 46.2%.

Catalonia, with 2,437 (22.2% of the national total) was where the most launches were made during the first quarter of 2021; Andalusia followed, with 1,778; Valencia, with 1,553, and Madrid, with 1,033. Considering only the launches resulting from procedures derived from the LAU, Catalonia also appears in first place, with 1,835, a figure that represents 23.3% of the total; Andalusia followed, with 1,109; the Valencian Community, with 1,025, and Madrid, with 847.

Between January 1 and March 31, 2021 there were 7,280 foreclosures, 56.3% more than in the same quarter of 2020. It is the highest figure since the second quarter of 2017. The highest number has been in Catalonia, with 1,767, which represents 24.3% of the total national; Andalusia follows, with 1,431; Comunitat Valenciana, with 1,253, and Madrid, with 652.

Descent of Eres

On the other hand, thanks to the ERTEs promoted by the Government, employment regulation files have fallen to 38.6% compared to the first three months of 2020. Only 153 files of this type were submitted.

In the period analyzed there were 34,461 demands for dismissal, 12.6% more than in the first quarter of 2020. Madrid, with 7,353 (21.3% of the national total), was the community in which the most demands for this were filed. kind. Catalonia followed, with 6,258; Andalusia, with 5,189, and the Valencian Community, with 4,104.

The number of lawsuits for claims of quantity registered in the Social Courts, 34,356, was 6% higher than those presented in the first quarter of 2020. Of these, 6,789 were presented in Madrid (19.8% of the total); 5,753 in Andalusia and 4,065 in Catalonia.

The monitoring procedures (to claim debts up to a certain amount) presented in the first quarter of 2021 in the Courts of First Instance and of First Instance and Investigation were 205,212, which represents a year-on-year increase of 22.8%. The highest use of this type of procedure was in Andalusia, with 40,672, followed by Catalonia, with 30,265 and Madrid, with 29,265.

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