Thursday, January 20

Begonia: everything you need to know to care for these plants


The begonia It is a tropical annual plant from Asia, Africa and South America with more than 1,500 species. Is houseplant with flower is known for transmitting patience, nobility and delicacy requires a few care fundamental.

Begonias care: watering and substrates

As with most plants, irrigation is a fundamental part of the care of begonias. To begonia He loves rainwater, but if you can’t use it, you can modify the water at home with a little vinegar or lemon. The ideal is to do it two or three times a week in summer and once in winter, with special attention that the soil is humid but without puddles so that our begonia don’t drown.

The begonia it requires an acidic, porous and easy-draining substrate, the amount of substrate it needs is small but it must be rich in nutrients and fibers. The recommended pH in the initial stages of begonia it is between 5.2 and 6.0.

Pruning begonias

Another of the great habits that is vital to follow with this plant is remove faded flowers to improve flowering and growth of the begonia, this will make the branches grow stronger. It is recommended to use a pair of scissors gardening to carry out this exercise when spring begins, since the begonia it is usually a small type plant with a fine stem.

The growth of begonia

If we want the begonia plant branch and remove new stems, we can use the pinching technique. This system makes that instead of growing in height, it focuses on the secondary stems. If we want there to be more flowering, we must reduce the amount of shade it receives.

The perfect climate for begonia

Because this begonia plant It comes from tropical regions, the wind, cold and direct sun can damage it, so it is advisable to keep it in a protected interior at about 20 degrees of temperature, always above 12 ºC.

Begonia diseases

The most common problem in begonias is the waterlogging, it can cause diseases such as powdery mildew, botrytis or fisarium. Some pests that can settle in the plant are thrips, aphids and spider mites.

How to multiply begonia?

It is done by the cutting system in which a piece of stem is cut, the flowers are removed and it is introduced into a light substrate where it will soon take root.

Types of begonia and their care

Begonia Maculata

Its deep green leaves fall on its main trunk and have white spots. It needs a lot of light but it cannot be in direct sun as its leaves can burn.

Flower begonia

This type is always in bloom, and they are usually white, pink, red, or double. Find a shady place in front of a window where there is a lot of light, always protected to avoid direct wind.

Bulb begonia

This plant of different shades grows from a flattened tuber, the leaves have a downy surface with fine hairs. It is best to place it near a brightly lit window.

Shrub Begonia

This type of plant has red flowers throughout the year, and they have a stem so long that the plant reaches two meters. The ideal place for shrubby begonia is a terrace that does not receive direct light or indoors where the direct sun does not burn it.

Leaf begonia

An ideal plant for indoors, as it requires a lot of indirect sunlight and cannot be subjected to low temperatures. Place this plant with very striking, intense colored leaves in a large window.


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