Friday, December 4

Blue America, Red America: The Revelations of America’s Political Map | Blog Know You


More Republican or More Democratic States according to how many times they have won each game since 1948. In CaliforniaFor example, Democrats have only won one more time than Republicans.

The States that change hands the most. Louisiana It is the ‘swing state’ that has changed its sign the most times since 1948: 10 times.

The Most republican states they are generally concentrated in deep America. Wyoming, Nebraska y Utah they add up to more than 60% of the votes.

On the east coast, the Most democratic states. At D.C. Republicans have never won and accumulate 82% of the vote.

There are other states that they do not have such a marked fixed profile. There are eight states where there are less than two points of difference between Republicans and Democrats.

States that are thought to have always been one color, but not

Before the 1960s, Democrats used to do well in the southern states. The racial tensions of that decade turned that scene upside down, and those former blue territories were stained red. It was a former governor of Arkansas, Bill Clinton, and a senator from Tennessee, Al Gore, who recovered some of those states in their success at the polls in 1992.

% of times Democrats have won

% of times Democrats have won

% of times Democrats have won

% of times Democrats have won

Vermont has been a Democrat ever since. Do not assume, however, that his region, the far northeast of the United States, often perceived as a progressive preserve, always was. Since the late 1940s, the state has been more Republican (10) than Democratic (9). Also California, Maine, New Jersey and Oregon have been loyal to the blue party since 1992, but not before.

% of times Republicans have won

% of times Republicans have won

% of times Republicans have won

% of times Republicans have won

The reverse case of Vermont is that of West Virginia. Among the 19 states that have been Republican since 1992, the Appalachian territory is the only one in which that loyalty to the Republican Party is rather recent: since 1948 it has voted for them nine times, but it is one less than those that opted for the Republicans. Democrats.

The best and worst results

The best results of the republicans in all the elections, by states, were in Mississippi, in the hectic 1964, with 87.1% of the votes. A year later, the Voting Rights Act would put an end, at least on paper, to the cynical slogan “separate but equal” of racial segregation norms that had their roots in the 19th century.

But that record for percentage of vote is far surpassed by Democrats. When Obama arrived at the White House in 2008, his party obtained 92.5% in the District of Columbia. And hardly anyone has loved Trump in Washington D.C. The second-best result for Biden’s party in recent history has also been there, at 92.1%. To find the third best, you just have to go back to 2012: 90.2%.

The poorest results for Republicans were, curiously, also in Mississippi, but in 1948, where they only got 2.6% of the vote. For the Democrats, their negative record was also that year and in that State, when they obtained only 10.1% of the vote.

Where Trump and Biden are getting better and worse

Trump has improved his 2016 results in 33 states (the biggest milestone, in Utah, with growth of 13.1 points) and has fallen in 15 states (his biggest loss, of 2.8 points, in Missouri). Biden improves on Hillary Clinton’s records in virtually every state (the biggest gain, in Utah, of 10.5 points). New York is its only fall (2.5 points).

But these ups and downs are little compared to the largest in the US in the post-war world. The biggest rise experienced by Republicans since 1948 occurred in Mississippi in 1972, with an improvement of 64 points over previous results. The same State had given another joy in 1964, with a rise of 62 points. So far this century, the highest growth occurred in 2000, with George W. Bush, in Wyoming, 18 points over 1996.

Donald Trump supporters and Joe Biden supporters.
Donald Trump supporters and Joe Biden supporters. Reuters / AFP

Democratic history will also remember Alabama’s count of 1952, when it scored more than 64 points over its previous results, and Wyoming’s in 1948, when it rose 51. Since 2000, the best jump up has been in 2008 in Hawaii. , Obama’s home state, which managed to improve results by 17 points compared to 2004.

The biggest fall for Republicans between two elections was in 1968 in Mississippi, where they lost no less than 73 points from the previous elections. 58 points were left in 1948 in South Carolina and 55 in Alabama, in 1968. That year, the segregationist campaign of the governor of Alabama, George Wallace, stole five southern states from the two majority parties. More recently, the biggest hit for Republicans was in Utah in 2016, when Trump scored 27 points less than his predecessor, Romney.

The Bible Belt, As you can see, it has starred in great joys and great disappointments for blues and reds. In the Democratic ranks their biggest hit was in 1964 in Alabama, when they fell 56 points, followed by those of 1948 in Delaware and Alabama, when they lost 43 and 42 points. In the past two decades, Hillary Clinton suffered the biggest drop in North Dakota, where she lost 11 points.

Historic records for Trump and Biden

Trump has achieved the best results of the Republicans in the last 72 years in West Virginia, and the second best in Arkansas, North Dakota, Tennessee and Wyoming. Instead, his results in Maryland are the worst for Republicans in recent history.

Biden breaks records for Democrats in California, Virginia and Maryland, and second-best records in Colorado, the District of Columbia, Massachusetts and Washington. It does not present any historical disaster, understood as the worst data recorded since 1948, in any territory, but it has remained close: it has collected the second worst results for its party in West Virginia and Wyoming.

Good and bad streaks

Even though they lost the election, Republicans are on a roll in several states. The party chains three consecutive elections growing in 12 States, although they also add three elections in a row decreasing in Maryland. Of those 12 territories, the highest accumulated growth is registered in West Virginia (+12.9 points), followed by North Dakota (+11.8) and Iowa (+9).

Among Democrats there are no significant streaks from 2012 to now, but they can be happy with the evolution of their vote in Alaska (+5.1 points), Arizona (+4.29) and Massachusetts (+3.6 points). In contrast, the Blues have clearly lost in West Virginia (-12.9 points), North Dakota (-12.8) or South Dakota (-9.1).

Does participation benefit Republicans or Democrats?

In general, no. There are states and elections with a lot of participation that benefit or harm both parties.

The four highest figures for participation in a state since 1980 have been beaten in these elections. The first place is occupied by the data of Minnesota, with a participation of 79.9% (followed by Maine, Colorado and Iowa). Participation in that state, of clear democratic devotion, has always been the first in all elections since 1948, except in 1992, when it was overtaken by Maine, another friendly territory of going massively to the polls.

At the other extreme, the District of Columbia has the worst turnout figure. In 1980, only 37.20% of voters who were old and empowered to vote came to vote, and Reagan got a spectacular 90.9% of the country’s electoral vote that year. This 2020 the lowest participation figure has corresponded to Oklahoma, with only 55%.

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