Sunday, June 26

cases in Spain, how it is spread, symptoms and effects on health


Madrid

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In Spain there are almost thirty cases of monkeypox – also called monkeypox – under study, although only 7 have been confirmed so far, according to the Ministry of Health. So far all cases have been detected in the Community of Madrid.

The Minister of Health, Carolina Darias, explained that it is a virus that is not sexually transmitted, but is spread from animals to people through close contact or fluids. “It is a virus, therefore not a sexually transmitted disease. It appeared in Africa in the 70’s and is given between animals to people. We are facing a viral sonotic disease, ”Darias clarified in an interview on La Sexta.

[Fernando Simón alerta sobre la viruela del mono: «No podemos descartar que haya una transmisión importante»]

The disease is very rare and uncommon and it is the first time that a chain of transmission has occurred in Europe that is not linked to a trip to areas of Africa, mainly eastern and central, where this virus occurs. The largest known outbreak occurred in 1996-1997 Democratic Republic of the Congo. And the most important outside this country occurred in 2017 in Nigeria. Outside of Africa, the first time cases were documented was in 2003 in the United States.

Symptoms

Its symptoms are similar to those of “the old smallpox”. These are skin rashes that are contagious, so the Health recommends calling the emergency room in case of presenting these symptoms and avoiding physical contact with other people and with pets.

‘A priori’ the symptoms are mild and there is no one infected with monkeypox in Spain, so the minister points to a “good evolution”.

Lethality

According to the head of Health, “so far” there is no citizen admitted for monkeypox and that Spain is in a “good evolution”. However, the National Health System (SNS) is already alert for its early detection.

According to World Health Organization (WHO) its fatality rate has varied a lot in the different epidemics that have occurred so far, but it warns that it has always been less than 10%.

Transmission

In a WHO report published in 2019, they explain that “human-to-human transmission alone has not been shown to sustain monkeypox virus infection in humans.”

According to scientific evidence, contagion can occur through close contact with infected secretions from the respiratory tract or skin lesions of an infected person, or with objects recently contaminated with the patient’s fluids or materials from the injury, according to EP. Transmission occurs primarily by respiratory droplets, usually after prolonged face-to-face contact with the patient, exposing family members of active cases to increased risk of infection.

Treatment

There is no vaccine for monkey pox Despite one, it proved to be 85% effective in preventing it and that the evolution is milder. However, the doses are no longer accessible to the public, as their production was discontinued following the global eradication of smallpox.

Therefore, the WHO warns that there are no specific treatments or vaccines against infection by the monkeypox virus, although outbreaks can be controlled.

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