Friday, April 19

China goes green hydrogen

China is one of the most polluting countries. / Reuters

The largest emitter of greenhouse gases is switched to the energy of the future and less polluting


China joins the wave of green hydrogen that is increasingly drawing the attention of world economic powers. The Asian giant seeks to turn 180 degrees in the country’s energy production by putting this new energy vector at the center of its strategy for 2025.

Beijing has signaled that the country aims to produce between 100,000 and 200,000 tons of green hydrogen a year and have about 50,000 hydrogen-powered vehicles by that year, the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) said in a statement.

With this decision, the largest emitter of greenhouse gases in the world seeks to meet its climate change objectives. “The development of hydrogen is an important move for the energy transition and a great support for China’s carbon neutrality and peak carbon goals,” said Wang Xiang, deputy director of the NDRC High-Tech Department, at a press conference.

Currently, China produces 33 million tons of hydrogen per year, although its origin is not entirely ‘green’. Roughly 80% of hydrogen comes from coal and natural gas, with the rest mostly a by-product of industrial sectors, according to the government. For its part, the ‘green’ importance of this energy vector grows to reach 500,000 tons from water electrolysis in 2019, according to China Hydrogen Alliance

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Green hydrogen is gas produced from the breakdown of water in electrolysis using renewable energy sources, which reduces the amount of carbon emissions released during the process compared to hydrogen created from natural gas or coal. “The potential of green hydrogen is huge, as the country has the largest renewable energy capacity in the world,” adds Wang.

important growth

The NDRC statement said that China aims to establish a comprehensive hydrogen industry covering transportation, energy storage, and industrial sectors, and “significantly improve” the share of green hydrogen in China’s energy consumption by 2035. .

The China Hydrogen Alliance has estimated that China’s hydrogen demand will reach 35 million tons per year by 2030, from the current 20 million tons, and will reach 60 million tons by 2050.

Hydrogen can be used in fuel cells and internal combustion engines. However, high production costs are one of the main obstacles preventing the development of hydrogen, according to Chinese authorities. Analysts estimate that hydrogen prices would have to be cut in half to compete with gasoline and diesel.

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