The criminality was reduced last year by more than 19% and the pandemic also affected the activity of the courts, which translates into a 22.8% decrease in the number of adults convicted by final judgment and 20.4% in the case of minors.
According to the tables of convicts made public this Wednesday by the National Institute of Statistics (INE), convictions for sex crimes were also reduced, but in a much lower percentage: 12.3% in the case of adults and 6.3% in that of minors.
The report shows that in 2020 they were registered 221,437 persons of legal age convicted by final judgment in the Central Registry of Prisoners, with a particularly marked decrease in the months in which mobility was restricted and the courts focused only on matters considered essential.
The sentences came to fall 90.6% in April and 83% in May.
Among the most common crimes are those committed against road safety (22.7% of the total), injuries (17%) and thefts (15%)
80.5% of those convicted were males and the average age was 37.7 years.
The majority (75%) had Spanish nationality, but the INE highlights that, taking into account the rate of convicted persons per 1,000 inhabitants of legal age, that of convicted persons of foreign nationality (12.6) was 2.6 times higher than that of those of Spanish nationality (4.8 ).
48% of the penalties imposed, both main and accessory, were “exclusive of other rights”; 32.6%, fines; and 19.1%, deprived of liberty.
There were a total of 109,344 prison sentences, 23% less than in 2019, and the vast majority (92%) were less than two years.
According to the INE tables, Andalusia was the community with the most convictions (19.2% of the total), ahead of Catalonia (16%) and the Valencian Community (13%).
But the community with more convicted foreigners (25.6% of the total) It was Catalonia, followed by Madrid (16.3%) and the Valencian Community (13.2%).
Ceuta and melilla had the highest conviction rates per 1,000 inhabitants (12.2 and 10.6, respectively), while the lowest corresponded to Castilla y León (3.6) and Castilla-La Mancha (3.7).
Juvenile Injury Convictions
Downward trends in convictions for Adults They are replicated in the case of minors: during 2020, 11,238 people between 14 and 17 years old were registered in the registry, which represented a decrease of 20.4%.
80.8% were men and the most common age of the condemned was the 17 years.
79% had Spanish nationality, but the INE emphasizes again that the rate of minors per 1,000 inhabitants between the ages of 14 and 17 it was almost three times higher in those with foreign nationality (12.8), than in those with Spanish nationality (5.0).
30.6% of the criminal offenses committed by minors were injuries, followed by robberies (19%) and theft (9%).
In the judgments, 45% of the measures adopted were of freedom supervised, followed by socio-educational tasks (13.8%) and internment in a semi-open regime (10.5).
Andalusia It is also the community with the most convictions in the case of minors (21% of the total), followed by the Valencian Community and Catalonia, but the latter community once again tops the list when the convictions of foreign minors are analyzed.
Sex crimes fall, but less
According to INE statistics, in 2020 there were 2,374 adult convicts for sexual offenses , 12.3% less than the previous year. 97.6% were male.
Of the 2,922 crimes committed by those convicted, 1,070 were considered sexual abuse; 560 as sexual abuse and assault of minors under 16 years of age and 429 prostitution and corruption of minors.
Of the total number of sexual assaults, 38 were considered violation, stands out in statistics.
There was, in addition, 390 juveniles convicted for sexual crimes, 6.3% less than the previous year, and practically all were boys (98.7%)
Of the 477 crimes of a sexual nature that they committed, the vast majority were sexual abuse and assault, among which there were seven rapes.
Eddie is an Australian news reporter with over 9 years in the industry and has published on Forbes and tech crunch.