Wednesday, September 22

Dayton Accords: what happens in the Balkans 25 years after the signing of the pact that sealed the last great war in Europe

  • Jose Carlos Cueto
  • BBC World News


The last great war in Europe has left latent consequences in the Balkans.

“The first thing that is lost in war is humanity. To kill your enemy, you first have to dehumanize him.”

For Mira Milosevich, an expert researcher in Eurasia at the Elcano Royal Institute, this is the only way to justify the horror and delirium experienced in the Bosnian war between 1992 and 1995, the most stark conflict of those that destroyed the former Yugoslavia.

The balance was devastating: around 100,000 dead, humanitarian crisis, ethnic annihilation, families separated and hundreds of thousands displaced from their homes.

A human and material drain that was ended in the United States in 1995 and that divided Bosnia and Herzegovina, in practice, into a country for Bosnians and another for Serbs. “An invention,” says Milosevich.

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