They did not wait until midnight, perhaps to end the pressure. Before noon on Monday, the parties that made up Democratic Socialism materialized their division and registered with the Electoral Service, Servel, two electoral pacts that must necessarily compete.
Despite last-ditch attempts now, neither the Socialist Party nor the Party for Democracy (PPD) reversed their resolutions to go on separate lists and thus broke the historic alliance they created since the return to democracy in 1990.
In this way, the PPD, together with the Christian Democracy and the Radical Party registered their candidates under the name list ‘Todo por Chile’, while the PS together with the Communist Party and the collectives gathered in the Broad Front, registered with the Servel the ‘Unity for Chile’ pact.
These two pacts, plus the three from the opposition, will have to compete for one of the 55 seats needed to form the new Constituent Council, which from the first days of June will have to draw up a second proposal for a magna carta.
Despite the existence of a corrected proportional electoral system in Chile, in some regions, when only two councilors are elected, in practice a binomial electoral system is applied. This means that the competition, instead of being between the opposition and the ruling party, unfolds between the pacts of the same sector that will fight to keep one of the two quotas.
Possible disappearance of the PPD
Although the scope of this fracture of Democratic Socialism cannot yet be determined, several analysts agree that this may imply the disappearance of the PPD as a party, since neither the DC nor the PR have had good results in the recent elections. In fact, for the first constitutional convention, the Christian Democrats won only one seat, that of Faud Chaín, who has already left those ranks to form the new Democrats party.
Although the president of the PS, Paulina Vodanovic, has tried to play down the drama of this fact, the former PPD helmsman and former chancellor of Michelle Bachelet, Heraldo Muñoz, assured that “a majority list is achieved in exchange for blowing up democratic socialism. A great result for the FA and the PC.”
The leader of the PPD, Natalia Piergentili, at the time of signing her pact, acknowledged that “by the way we are going to compete, we are a center-left that has a proposal, but where the deep differences lie, in the model of society, it is not with friends”. .
Three opposition lists
The opposition will compete in three lists. The Republican Party registered on Saturday to clear up any doubt that it would agree with Chile Vamos.
On Monday the People’s Party also did so with the ‘Pact with the People’ list, which is committed to obtaining good results in the northern regions of the country where its former presidential candidate Franco Parisi obtained notable results in 2021.
And finally, they formalized their Chile Vamos agreement made up of Renovación Nacional, the UDI and Evopoli, who called themselves the ‘Chile Seguro’ pact.
Until the last moment, agreements were negotiated by omission, that is, that the lists did not register candidates in certain regions so as not to have to compete, something that was rejected by the Republicans.
Although some from the UDI, such as the deputy María José Hoffmann, described as “irresponsible” the action of republicans not to go on a single list, the truth is that in Evopoli and in RN there were many voices to the contrary considering that the collective of the Former presidential candidate José Antonio Kast opposed this second constituent process and did not sign the agreement that made it possible.
George is Digismak’s reported cum editor with 13 years of experience in Journalism