Monday, June 27

Election results: City, mountains and foreign vote: the keys to the most contested electoral count in Peru | International

Supporters of Pedro Castillo demonstrate this Monday in the streets of Lima (Peru).
Supporters of Pedro Castillo demonstrate this Monday in the streets of Lima (Peru).Paolo Aguilar / EFE

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Peru holds its breath until the scrutiny ends. The closest electoral contest has exceeded 95% of the vote count without a clear winner. While waiting for the end of the scrutiny, which could still take several days due to the delay in the foreign vote, the results already show several keys. The vote between the two candidates has completely divided the country. In the poorer and less populated regions, in rural areas, the leftist candidate Pedro Castillo easily outshines Keiko Fujimori. On the contrary, in urban and more populated areas, the conservative leader sweeps. The evenness of the results forces, in addition, to wait for the vote of almost a million Peruvians residing abroad. Its result could be decisive, although it is not known when it will be known due to the delay accumulated by its scrutiny, which barely reaches 25%.

The Peru that voted for Pedro Castillo

  • The leftist candidate Pedro Castillo, with 95% of the vote counted, prevailed over his adversary in 17 regions (Amazonas, Ancash, Apurímac, Arequipa, Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Callao, Cusco, Huancavelica, Huánuco, Junín, Madre de Dios, Moquegua , Pasco, Puno, San Martín, and Tacna).
  • It obtained the highest vote (89%) in the highland region of Puno, on the border with Bolivia, in Huancavelica (85%), one of the poorest departments in the country, and in Cusco (83%), the country’s tourist capital Andean for having been the center of the empire of the Incas. In the three regions, the percentage of indigenous and bilingual population is important (Aymara in Puno, Quechua in Huancavelica and Cusco).
  • The regions where it obtained the highest percentages are mainly in the central and southern highlands of the country, but also a large majority in the Amazon Madre de Dios, on the border with Brazil and Bolivia (70%).
  • Among the regions where Castillo prevailed, there are those with the highest percentage of the population living in poverty: Amazonas, Cajamarca, Huancavelica and Huánuco.
  • In his region, Cajamarca, where the largest gold mine in South America is located, 71% of citizens voted for the union leader and rural teacher.
  • In the fourth region with the largest electoral population, Arequipa, land of the Nobel Prize for Literature Mario Vargas Llosa, who supported the conservative candidate Keiko Fujimori, 64% voted for Pedro Castillo.
  • Although one of the axes of the campaign against the teacher leader was to accuse him of ties to terrorism, Ayacucho, the region that suffered the most from the violence of the Shining Path terrorist group between 1980 and 2000, voted mostly for Castillo with 81 %.
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The Peru that voted for Keiko Fujimori

  • Keiko Fujimori won in eight regions (Ica, La Libertad, Lambayeque, Lima, Loreto, Piura, Tumbes and Ucayali). Three of them have the largest number of voters in the country (Lima, La Libertad and Piura).
  • The candidate prevailed in all the districts of the capital, Lima, and the highest percentage of votes was given to her by the wealthiest districts: San Isidro (88%), Miraflores (84%) and Surco (82%).
  • The regions where it was favored are located on the north and central coast. In addition, it obtained an advantage in two departments of the Amazon, where the counting of the rural vote has not yet finished (Loreto and Ucayali).
  • In the Ica region, where he obtained 52% of the vote, agro-export companies operate whose owners have supported Fujimori from the government of his father, the autocrat Alberto Fujimori (1990-2000).
  • Although on the north coast Fujimori did not have much support in the first round, held in April, for this second he had the backing of the former presidential candidate Acuña, whose party has several mayors and elected authorities in that area of ​​the country.
  • Fujimori lost one of the strongholds of Fujimorism, the Junín region, in the central highlands.

The importance of the external vote

  • Almost one million Peruvians residing in 75 countries could exercise their right to vote in these elections. In the first round, 77% did not turn out to vote, and among those who did, the ultra-conservative candidate Rafael López Aliaga won with 21% of the votes. Keiko Fujimori followed with 14% and Pedro Castillo with 6%. López Aliaga campaigned in the second round for the leader of Fuerza Popular, so the projection is that the foreign vote favors Fujimori.
  • The scrutiny of the foreign vote accumulates an enormous delay and its results will be the last to be known. Given the level of the battle for the presidency, these votes could turn out to be decisive.
  • With 24% of the external vote scrutiny (more than 80,000 votes), 62% voted for the conservative and 37% did so for Castillo. Some 240,000 votes have yet to be counted.
  • The countries in which the most Peruvians reside are the United States and Spain, and in neither of them has the count started.
  • When the National Office of Electoral Processes finishes with 100% of the scrutiny, given the tightness of the results, all eyes will be on the contested minutes at the voting tables. The final decision on them will be made by the electoral court (National Elections Jury). This entity will be the one that proclaims the final result and the winner of the contest.
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