- BBC World News
With the projection of the electoral victory in the state of Georgia of the candidate of the Democratic Party, Joe Biden, the long “electoral night” that since last November 3 can be concluded this Friday.
The projected results from around the country give Biden 306 votes in the Electoral College, a number that far exceeds the 270 he needs to be proclaimed the winner of the contest.
For his part, the candidate for re-election, Donald Trump, adds 232 votes, and Your options to stay in the White House depend on successful fraud allegations his campaign team has formulated, although without presenting evidence.
For now, due to the narrow margin of Biden’s victory in Georgia (just over 14,000 votes), in this state a manual recount is carried out, which, however, the authorities do not expect to produce a change in the final result.
The new US electoral map also shows the division of the country into two clear blocks: a central area dominated by the Republican Party (traditionally represented with the color red) and two blocks of coastal states facing the Pacific Y the Atlantic in which the Democratic Party has the greatest weight (represented in blue).
In numerical terms, the results of the elections are the reversal of those that occurred in 2016 when Trump was the one who obtained 306 votes in the Electoral College (he would stay at 304 because two voters refused to vote for him) defeating the Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton , who only reached 232.
From Republicans to Democrats
For that to be possible, however, it was necessary for Biden to triumph in five key states in which he managed to reverse Republican control.
Three of these states –Wisconsin, Michigan and Pennsylvania – were traditional strongholds of the Democratic Party that Trump succeeded in wiping out Clinton in 2016.
Between them, Biden achieved a looser victory in Michigan – with an advantage of about 147,000 votes – and a narrower result in Wisconsin, where he outscored his rival by about 20,000 votes. In the case of Pennsylvania, the gap was about 63,000 votes.
But Biden’s victory is probably most notable in the other two states that changed hands: Arizona and Georgia.
Both have been states that historically and on a recurring basis have favored Republican candidates.
In the case of Arizona, the last Democrat to win there had been Bill Clinton in 1996 and, before him, Harry S. Truman in 1948.
Georgia, meanwhile, is a state that has consistently favored Republican hopefuls for almost half a century, with the exception of Jimmy Carter in 1976 and 1980, who is a native of that state; and Bill Clinton, in 1992.
Despite having already cleared the presidential mystery about Georgia, this state will continue to be in the sights of the Americans until next January when the second round will be played to choose the two representatives of that state in the Senate.
These votes are critically important because it depends on them that the Democratic Party gains control of the Senate, which would allow it to have a unified government since the White House and the House of Representatives already have in their power.
In that scenario, analysts predict that Biden can easily push his government agenda. Otherwise, it is estimated that the now president-elect will have great difficulties in getting the Senate to give the green light to any of his initiatives.
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