Tuesday, August 16

Finland’s guide to what to have at home to deal with a disaster


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Recent events – the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the global pandemic or extreme weather events – have generated a certain fear in the population about cHow to be prepared for possible emergencies.

In fact, different European authorities have indicated different recommendations on how to survive a catastrophe. Already at the end of last year, the Austrian government warned its citizens to prepare for a possible ‘big blackout’ that would cut off the power supply.

Finland is one of these countries. The authorities of the Scandinavian country have drawn up a guide on what to have at home or how to act in a critical situation.

The scenarios considered range from a power outagewhat to have in the pantry to survive at home or what to do if the water is contaminated.

On a website created for this purpose,
72hours.fi
the authorities inform the population on how to prepare for an emergency situation, with Enough groceries and supplies to cover 72 hours. This time is what is estimated to be sufficient to guarantee survival, detailing what a home needs to overcome that three-day barrier.

These are the recommendationsto survive three days of the aforementioned website, which also includes
a to-do list
that you can complete to be prepared for a power outage. In addition, on the same page, you can consult the recommendations
about what foods to have at home
to survive 72 hours, what to do before
a water cut
or how to act if necessary
shelter inside the house
.

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Scenario 1: power outage

In the event of a power outage, there are three steps to check before determinesr if the cause is general. If there is evidence that the power lines are damaged or a tree has fallen on the facilities, the power company must be notified. It is important unplug appliances during a power outageespecially the stoves, the iron, the coffee maker or the washing machine, since a fire can occur when the supply is restored.

They also offer some food-related tips to keep in mind during a power outage. In the cold months perishables can be stored outdoorswell protected.

The recommendation is to do Stock up on enough blankets and warm clothes for all family members. It will be necessary to try to maintain the heat of the house as long as possible, avoiding opening windows or doors beyond what is essential. In addition, it must be remembered that alcohol does not serve to keep warm: it gives a false sensation of an increase in temperature.

Scenario 2: lack of food supply

As for food, they recommend stocking up with products that are consumed regularly and that are renewed periodically. In addition, they recommend have dry food and those that can be prepared on a portable stove and that require little water for their preparation.

will have to lend attention to frozen products. They can last several days until the temperature exceeds zero degrees, but it will be necessary to avoid opening the door unnecessarily. If they are cooked after thawing, they can be refrozen. And, of course, do not forget about feeding the pets.

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Scenario 3: no running water

If the problem is the lack of running water, it will be necessary to have jars and bottles to store it. As far as possible, help should be given to those who, due to their circumstances, cannot transport water. And keep in mind that the toilet tank can only be flushed once. A garbage bag can be installed by tying it to the edges of the bowl for use.

Attention should also be paid to the possibility of the water being contaminated. In some cases it will be enough to boil it, although the recommendations of the authorities will have to be followed. Before the reestablishment of the flow, some appliances may still have contaminated water; it is recommended that they be cleaned before reuse.

Scenario 4: Sheltering indoors

In some situation, the authorities may request that we Let’s take refuge inside a building. The normal thing is that it is something specific, caused by a nearby fire or an accident with dangerous substances, so it will be enough to take refuge somewhere nearby.

In these cases, it will be necessary protect yourself from smoke or other toxic gases. This will require sealing the windows and closing the ventilation ducts. It is convenient to know the security measures of the buildings that are usually visited. It will also be necessary to know the notices and protocols that the authorities can make on the use of civil defense shelters.

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