Saturday, December 2

Fourth electoral advance and third consecutive in the history of Andalusian autonomy

Electoral ballots for the 2018 elections. / south

Moreno’s decision is added to that adopted by Chaves in 1996 and those of Susana Díaz in 2015 and 2018

With the signing of the decree by which Parliament is dissolved as of this Tuesday and elections are called for June 19, Juanma Moreno becomes the third president of the Andalusian Government to advance the call to the polls. Before him, Manuel Chaves already did it in 1996 and Susana Díaz twice: 2015 and 2018. The current one is the third consecutive legislature that ends in Andalusia before time.

Unlike previous advances, Moreno’s call takes place in the same calendar year as in which the legislature was to end, so the debate has been installed on whether it is a real or merely technical advance. Faced with the deadline on which the elections could be held, November 27, the president has chosen to advance them to June 19.

In any case, it is not the shortest advance recorded in history, since the previous one, decreed by Susana Díaz, was barely three months. The legislature ended in March 2019 and the elections were called for December 2, 2018.

It was a very different situation from the first electoral advance, which occurred in 1996, when the then president of the Board, Manuel Chaves, decreed the dissolution of Parliament two years before the end of the fourth legislature. The elections had been held on June 12, 1994 and Chaves called the polls again in March 1996, coinciding with the general elections.

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That decision marked the end of the so-called ‘legislature of the clamp’, in which the Popular Party and the United Left usually coincided against the PSOE in key votes, such as those of the Budgets. It was the first time that the Socialists governed without an absolute majority in Andalusia. With this argument of blocking the government’s action, Chaves shortened the legislature by half and called for elections in which, despite not recovering the absolute majority, he was able to form a government majority thanks to the support of the Andalusian Party.

Last year, after losing the vote on the Budgets when the votes of the PSOE, United We Can and Vox coincided in the rejection, the PP and Ciudadanos recovered the term ‘pinza’ to name the coincidence of the left and the right in blocking the Government, although in the end there was no such systematic blockade and several government initiatives were able to go ahead, sometimes with the support of Vox and others, with the support of the PSOE and even United We Can.

The other two electoral advances were decided by Susana Díaz, who did not complete any of her terms as president of the Board. Díaz took over as head of the Andalusian Government in September 2013 after the resignation of José Antonio Griñán, who since the previous year had governed in coalition with Izquierda Unida. On January 26, 2015, the president announced the early call for elections for Sunday March 22, thus putting an end to the coalition government between PSOE-A and the leftist formation. At that time, with the emergence of Podemos threatening to alter the political map throughout Spain, the then president justified the advance in the lack of solidity of her parliamentary support.

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A minority government emerged from those elections for which the socialist president found stability thanks to the parliamentary support of Ciudadanos. However, the legislature also ended prematurely. In October 2018, Díaz again dissolved Parliament in advance and called elections for December 2, which meant an advance of three months. This time he argued that he did not have sufficient support to approve the budgets and that Andalusia required stability. Those elections marked the end of 37 years of socialist governments in the autonomous community.

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