Tuesday, May 24

Heatstroke symptoms in dogs: what to do

Heat stroke: what to do if your dog suffers it

Heat stroke: what to do if your dog suffers it

The summer It is the best time for your pet to enjoy the good weather, but it can also be exposed to disorders derived from strong heat. The reason? Its mechanism for dealing with sudden changes in temperature is different from ours and it is not as effective.

Dogs lack sweat glands and they can only remove the heat panting, sweating through the foot pads, and through the areas of little hair, like the belly. On days of intense heat, these mechanisms may not be enough and your pet is exposed to heatstroke that can be fatal if it is not acted on in time.

As in humans, heat stroke They affect older and younger dogs, as well as those with respiratory problems: English Bulldog, French Bulldog, Pug, Boxer... Black-haired dogs are also more at risk of hyperthermia, as this color tends to absorb heat more.

Symptoms of a heat stroke

How do you know if your pet is suffering from hyperthermia? Dogs with this disorder have the following symptoms:

  • Elevated body temperature, above 42ºC, when normal is above 38ºC and 39ºC.

  • The heart rate increases and the dog is panting a lot.

  • The skin acquires a bluish tone derived from a lack of oxygenation of the blood.

  • Staggering, muscle tremors, and considerable decline in strength.

  • Small red spots of blood appear on the skin.

These are usually the mildest symptoms, but if you don’t act on time, your dog may go into shock, pass out, or even die.

How to deal with heat stroke

If you think your dog has suffered a heat stroke, do not hesitate to take him to the vet sooner. But if this is not possible, these tips can be very useful at first:

  • The most important thing is to cool the dog down so that its temperature drops below 42ºC.

  • If it was in a car or in a closed place where the temperature is high, transfer your dog in your arms as soon as possible to an area where it is less hot, if possible, in the shade.

  • Refresh it with a little water, but not too cold as it produces vasoconstriction and makes it lose less heat. You can refresh him by passing wet towels over his feet, over his body, around his neck, around his head … But do not cover him completely with them.

  • It is important to give him water to drink regularly to prevent dehydration.

  • Fan him or run an ice cube over his armpits, groin, and nape.

  • Massage the lower limbs to promote circulation.

Although the animal breathes well and seems to be better, do not hesitate to go to veterinary since it could have damaged an internal organ.

Tips to avoid heat stroke

  1. If you want your dog not to suffer from heat stroke, never leave him alone inside a car or any small space, not even with the windows open. The stress that being alone can cause you is a factor to consider.

  2. Do not take him out to the street, much less make him run during the hottest hours. What’s more, do not make him walk on the asphalt when it is very hotas it can cause burns to the pads.

  3. Finally, try to feed him after the hottest hours have passed and make sure he fresh water is always available.


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