Thursday, April 15

How much alcohol is moderate consumption and how much is too much


How much alcohol is moderate consumption and how much is too much

Alcohol intoxication can cause coma and death.

Foto:
Social Butterfly / Pixabay

It has long been known that binge drinking on one occasion or over time can have a negative impact on health. With short and long-term effects on the body that can cause serious and irreversible life-threatening damage.

However, moderate alcohol consumption does not release the harmful and dangerous effects on the body. New Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2020-2025 point out that emerging evidence suggests that even drinking within recommended limits can increase the overall risk of death from various causes, such as various types of cancer and some forms of cardiovascular disease.

Alcohol increases the risk of cancer even at low alcohol levels (less than 1 drink a day). The negative effects also happen when drinking wine; the supposed benefits of drinking a glass of alcohol may be outweighed by the risk.

The National Cancer Institute warn that moderate consumption increases the risk of developing head and neck, breast, esophageal and colorectal cancer.

How much is moderate alcohol consumption?

The current dietary guidelines maintain in force the amounts that are considered a moderate consumption for men as two limit drinks a day for men and in the case of women 1 drink.

The new guidelines clarify, that the limits apply to the days on any day that alcohol is consumed.

Excessive alcohol consumption

Excessive alcohol consumption is when in a 2-hour period, men ingest 5 or more drinks and women 4 or more drinks.

How much is equal to a drink alcoholic?

An alcoholic beverage equivalent is defined as containing 14 grams (0.6 fluid ounces) of pure alcohol.

Beer: 12 fluid ounces of regular beer (5% alcohol)

Wine: 5 fluid ounces of wine (12% alcohol)

Spirits (gin, rum, vodka, whiskey, etc): 1.5 fluid ounces (40% alcohol).

Alcohol intoxication

The dangers of heavy drinking can be experienced even if it is done only once. A binge of alcohol (excessive consumption) is one of the main causes of alcohol intoxication. Mayo Clinic notes that alcohol poisoning can lead to coma and death.

Symptoms of alcohol poisoning include:

  • Confusion
  • Vomiting
  • Seizures
  • Slow breathing (less than eight breaths per minute)
  • Irregular breathing (intervals of more than 10 seconds between breaths)
  • Bluish or pale skin
  • Low body temperature (hypothermia)
  • Fainting (loss of consciousness) without being able to wake up

You weaken your immune system

Drinking too much can weaken your immune system. The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism states that Drinking a lot at one time slows your body’s ability to protect itself from infection, even up to 24 hours after getting drunk.

Chronic drinkers are more likely to get diseases like pneumonia and tuberculosis than people who don’t drink too much.

Drinking to excess affects your brain, heart, liver (steatosis or fatty liver, alcoholic hepatitis, fibrosis and cirrhosis), pancreas and increases the risk of contracting at least six different types of cancer.

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