Monday, August 2

How to obtain a driver’s license in the United States if you are an immigrant


(CNN Español) — Approximately 11.4 million immigrants without regular immigration status live in the United States, according to figures from the Department of Homeland Security. And currently, 19 states, in addition to the city of Washington and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, have enacted laws that allow them to obtain driver’s licenses.

Among the states with the largest foreign population that allow the driver’s license process for undocumented immigrants there are California, New York, New Jersey, Illinois and the nation’s capital. In contrast, other entities Texas and Florida, which are the second and third states with the most unauthorized immigrants to live and work in the United States, do not offer this option.

Here we explain how to complete the process to obtain a driver’s license in some of the states with the largest immigrant population in the country and in the capital.

Queens opens welcome center for immigrants 2:33

California

In California, Bill 60 of the Assembly, allowed the California Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) to issue driver’s licenses to undocumented immigrants who can prove their identity, have established California residency and pass driving tests. The law went into effect on January 1, 2015.

AB 60 driver’s licenses (DL) were created for individuals who cannot provide proof of legal presence in the US, but who do meet all other requirements and who can provide proof of identity and residence in the US. condition.

The California DMV lists the documents that accept as proof of identity and proof of residence.

The next step is complete the driver’s license application in California, then you must make an appointment with the DMV and study for him knowledge test. The day of the appointment must be:

  1. Provide proof of identity and residency in California.
  2. Pay the application fee with a cost of US $ 38.
  3. Perform fingerprint scan and take photo.
  4. Pass an eye exam.
  5. Pass the knowledge test.
  6. Pass the road sign test.

Finally, the applicant will have to take a driving test behind the wheel. To do this, you must program a online dating or by phone at 1 800-777-0133.

New York

In New York, under the so-called Green Light law, since December 2019 undocumented immigrants can apply for a driver’s license. This law protects the information of applicants from immigration agencies.

To apply for a driver’s license at the New York DMV as an unauthorized immigrant, you must: submit a combination of documents that they prove the name, date of birth and residence in the state of New York.

The next step is complete the application driver’s license in New York, then you must make an appointment with the DMV and study for him knowledge test. The day of the appointment must be:

Provide the required documentation, in addition to:

  1. Pay the application fee with a cost no greater than US $ 98.50
  2. Pass an eye exam.
  3. Pass the knowledge test.

Most applicants will need to complete an approved 5-hour pre-licensing course and subsequently take a Driving test. To do this, you must program a online dating or by phone at 1-518-402-2100.

New Jersey

In New Jersey, Governor Phil Murphy signed a similar law in December 2019 that allows state residents to obtain a driver’s license regardless of their immigration status. The law went into effect on January 1, 2021.

To apply for a driver’s license with the New Jersey Motor Vehicle Commission (MVC) as an unauthorized immigrant, a combination of documents to comply with the 6-point identity verification.

Unlike other states, the New Jersey MVC has a gradual system made up of several stages to acquire a driver’s license. To obtain the first license, the process is divided into five steps:

  1. Obtain a special learner’s permit (BA-208 application) after passing the knowledge and vision exams.
  2. Practice with an adult supervising driver for at least three months.
  3. Obtain a trial license after passing a driving test.
  4. With a probationary license, you must drive without supervision for at least one year.
  5. Obtain the basic driver’s license.

The MVC has an online portal for schedule appointments necessary for the process of obtaining a driver’s license and permit.

Illinois

In 2012, a law was signed allowing unauthorized immigrants to obtain a temporary visitor driver’s license (TVDL) in Illinois. Since then, regardless of their immigration status, drivers can obtain a driver’s license if they pass a driving safety test and have valid car insurance. The law went into effect in November 2013.

To get a TVDL license The following documentation must be presented:

  • Proof of Illinois residency for the past 12 months.
  • Two documents that verify current residence.
  • Not be eligible for a Social Security Number.
  • Documentation verifying date of birth and written signature.
  • Valid passport or consular identification card.

Once you have the required documents, you must Schedule Appointment To which you must bring the necessary documentation, a proof of insurance of the vehicle that you will use for the driving test and pay a fee of US $ 30. During the appointment you will have a photo taken and you will have to take an eye exam, written and driving tests.

City of washington

On May 1, 2014, a law went into effect in the US capital that allows unauthorized immigrants to apply for a driver’s license even if they cannot provide a Social Security number, who are not eligible to obtain a driver’s license number. social security or that they cannot prove their legal presence in the country.

To apply for a driver’s license at the Washington City DMV, you must present a proof of identity, a proof of residency in the District of Columbia, a six-month proof of residency in the District of Columbia and fill out a Social Security Number declaration form.

Once you have the necessary documents, you must Schedule Appointment to obtain a limited purpose driver’s license. On the day of the appointment you must pass a vision exam, the knowledge test and pay a fee of US $ 10 for the knowledge test and US $ 20 for the permit.

You will be granted a temporary permit. The next is schedule a test drive online or by calling 202-737-4404. The driving test costs US $ 10 and the license costs US $ 47.


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