Wednesday, January 19

Iran and the United States await a first step from the other side to advance the nuclear dialogue

Correspondent in Jerusalem



After a week of hiatus, Iran and the United States They resume the indirect conversations in Vienna, the seventh, to try to resurrect the nuclear deal. The Iranians say that “we see no obstacle to reaching an agreement” and the Americans who “want to give another chance to diplomacy,” according to the State Department spokesman, Ned Price, but going from words to deeds is complicated since mistrust is enormous and both think that it is the other who must take the first step.

The coordinator of the process sent by the European Union, Enrique Mora, asked both parties for “realism” and warned them that “we don’t have all the time in the world.” Things have changed a lot since 2015, in that year an agreement was reached by which Iran committed to limiting uranium enrichment in exchange for the lifting of sanctions.

Six years later, the breaking of the pact by Donald Trump in 2018 and the return of the punishments has caused serious problems for the Iranian economy, since they prevent it from selling oil, and the Islamic republic has responded by advancing in its enrichment until the 60 percent, ever closer to the level needed to make a bomb.

Tehran negotiates with the new team designed by ultra-conservative President Ebrahim Raisi, which has al frente to Ali Bagheri Kani, diplomat who was one of the voices most critical of the agreement reached in 2015 by the previous moderate Iranian administration. In their first meeting in Vienna, Bagheri presented two drafts with his proposals with the central idea of ​​lifting the sanctions. The Islamic Republic considers that they fulfilled everything agreed and that it was Trump who broke the pact, so they hope that the other party will bring something new to the negotiating table.

The return to the pact of 2015 was one of Joe Biden’s campaign promises, but months pass since his arrival at the White House and the punishments are maintained.

Attack on Iran

Israel is the voice most critical of the negotiation and his defense minister, Benny Gantz, he flew to Washington to pressure the United States. The Jewish state hardens its rhetoric, insists that all options are on the table to curb the nuclear program of its regional enemy and the Army announced that in spring it will carry out a large-scale military exercise in the Mediterranean in which dozens of planes will simulate an attack on the Islamic republic.

The current leadership’s fixation on Iran stands in contrast to messages from more and more former Israeli security advisers who agree that it was a mistake to pressure Trump to break the pact. Following the “maximum pressure” strategy of the United States and repeated sabotage at nuclear plants, of which Tehran accuses the Israelis, “Iran accumulates much more material, works in advanced centrifuges and maybe other things that we do not know, all of which bring Iran closer than ever” to the acquisition of a nuclear bomb, Yoel declared. Guzansky, former heads of the Iran section in Israel’s National Security Council, told ‘The Washington Post’.

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