The Job offers from companies requiring a Vocational Training qualification will reach 50% of the total within four years, according to an analysis prepared by a group of experts convened by the Institute Coordinates of Governance and Applied Economics.
In 2020, university degrees were no longer the most requested in job offers published by Spanish companies and, for the first time, were surpassed by vocational training degrees, reaching percentages of 33.7% and 40.1 %, respectively.
Last July, the independent consulting firm Strategik B&M Consulting made the ranking of “the best VET centers in Spain”, with an analysis of the 10 main private operators nationwide (CESUR, Medac, Ilerna, implies, CES, Atlantic Ocean, ICSE, Amusal, Claudio Galeno and CDS).
The study analyzes a double parameter of approved / graduates and incorporation into the labor market, which, in the case of the operator that is in first position, CESUR, reaches 90 percent, in both criteria, with an advantage of 10 percent with respect to its immediate competitor.
The success band is thus between 90 and 70 percent in both cases. among the first three centers, CESUR, Medac and Ilerna, and falls to between 49 and 30 percent in the last positions.
Precisely, the high degree of employability is one of the essential elements to explain that vocational training has experienced growth rates in recent years of around 6 percent per year, and in the coming years an increase in this growth rate is expected , which will allow to reach in an estimated term of four years this level of 50 percent in the labor supply that the companies place in the market.
Specifically, employability is above 70 percent on average, but some degrees and training levels approach 90 percent employability.
Vocational Training is also promoting greater social recognition, as well as the possibility of accessing stable and well-paid jobs, compared to university graduates who take an average of 10 years to find themselves in the job market, with unstable and precarious positions, according to a statement from the Coordinates Institute.
For the Institute’s analysts, university degrees will remain at current levels, in the best of cases, with a significant reduction being foreseeable
Vocational training, they point out, “shows levels of flexibility and proximity to the reality of work in the business world that is allowing them to design a catalog of specialties attached to the field of employment, the real needs of companies and the professional development of your students. ”
In a context in which “technological change is advancing at breakneck speed” and “at the same rate the skills and competencies of professionals in companies change”, they argue that “for the moment it is professional training that is leading the approach to the real needs of competences and abilities that have the labor market “.
On the other hand, they state that “in a good number of companies there is a chronic shortage of professionals in certain specialties, especially those linked to the mechanical sector, which had been relegated to the impulse of other more technological specialties “.
As the analysts point out, “this shortage in these specific areas is creating a new model of specialist, the mechatronics experts, with a new configuration of competencies and skills that attracts an increasing number of students who have all the characteristics to become an elite in the world of vocational training “, since” they are versatile professionals who meet an increasingly broad and demanding job demand and in a multitude of fields of activity “.
On the other hand, in the opinion of analysts, the push for vocational training has led the Government to accelerate the processing of the new Organic Law for the Organization and Integration of Vocational Training, which “can become the key tool so that, from a once and for all, this educational model is promoted. ”
In the words of the vice president of the Coordinates Institute, Jesús Sánchez Lambás, “vocational training is in a phase of social dignity and unstoppable growth; he has known how to adapt to the reality of the labor market at the speed demanded by the business world, he has done so with great precision and is going to be a key element for the economic growth of this country “.
In his opinion, the parameters of the quality of graduates and the employability of the private centers highlighted in the Strategik ranking are “very important, which point to a highly qualified training offer oriented to the real demand of the current labor market”.
Eddie is an Australian news reporter with over 9 years in the industry and has published on Forbes and tech crunch.