On June 10 it will be possible to appreciate the first solar eclipse of the year, which will be annulled in a sector of North America and Europe: the Moon will be located in front of the Sun and will darken almost 40% of its circumference. The locations closest to the North Pole will benefit the most, while in Spain the best point to observe this eclipse will be the area of Galicia.
In addition, the second solar eclipse of the year will occur on December 4, this time total, which will be especially visible from Antarctica. The last visible partial solar eclipse in Spain took place on August 21, 2017, and the next one will be seen on October 25, 2022, in the northeast of the peninsula and the Balearic Islands.
A solar eclipse It occurs when the Moon stands directly between the Sun and the Earth, partially or totally obscuring the image of the Sun from the perspective of an observer located on our planet.
The annular eclipses they have a special characteristic, since it is possible to observe a bright ring around the lunar silhouette. This is because the Moon is located farther from Earth when the eclipse occurs.
From this positioning of our satellite, the apparent size of the Moon is smaller in relation to that of the Sun, therefore it does not cover it completely. At the precise moment when the two intersect, it will be possible to see a fantastic “ring of Fire” around the silhouette of the Moon.
The best locations
According to a Press release from the Royal Astronomical Society, the area on Earth best positioned for observing the annular eclipse of June 10 includes a sector of the planet closer to the North Pole, which encompasses Canada, Greenland, and Russia, among other locations in the Northern Hemisphere.
In privileged locations, the “golden ring” that characterizes annular eclipses can be observed for a maximum time of 3 minutes and 51 seconds. The phenomenon will conclude over North Asia: in areas such as Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia, the Moon will obscure almost 40% of the Sun’s image.
However, it is worth clarifying that the annularity phase of the eclipse will be scarcely observed in general terms, with the exception of the privileged locations already mentioned. In the rest of the planet it will be seen as a partial eclipse, an equally attractive and interesting event.
In Spain and America
In the specific case of Spain, the best location to appreciate the phenomenon and obtain a privileged view will be the region of Galicia, although the entire northwestern corner of the Iberian Peninsula will enjoy the possibility of seeing a greater darkening of the solar disk.
In Madrid, it will be the first time since 2015 to observe an eclipse of the Sun, since since that date there has not been an event of this type that can be visible from the Spanish capital. The specialists remarked that it will be one of the easiest eclipses to appreciate, given the location of the Sun on the horizon.
It will not be possible to observe the annular eclipse of June 10 from Latin America, although it will be feasible to do so in some cities in the United States that have a large Latino population, mainly New York, Philadelphia and Boston.
Finally, it is important to remember that solar eclipses should not be observed directly: it is essential to have special and certified glasses to avoid any damage to vision. Meanwhile, everything indicates that the eclipse of June 10 will not consume any significant decrease in ambient luminosity or temperature.
Photo: view of the annular solar eclipse on May 20, 2012 from Tokyo. A bright ring of sunlight is visible around the silhouette of the Moon. Credit: Marek Okon on Unsplash.
Eddie is an Australian news reporter with over 9 years in the industry and has published on Forbes and tech crunch.