The Lomloe O Celaá law, with which the Government wants to repeal the Lomce O ley worth, has passed this Thursday its passage through Congress, to which it will only have to return if there is any change in the text in the Senate.
The bill for the Amendment of the Organic Law of Education is predictably lacking to become the eighth educational norm of democracy.
The content of the Lomloe is summarized below through 30 points:
1. Public education: public education constitutes the backbone of the educational system.
2. Spanish: It ceases to appear as the vehicular language of education and as the official language of the State. The administrations will guarantee the right to receive teachings in Spanish and in co-official languages to achieve full and equivalent mastery.
3. Own languages: the subject of Co-official Language and Literature is renamed Own Language and Literature.
4. Curriculum: the basic contents of the minimum teachings set by the Ministry will not represent more than 50% of the hours for the communities with a co-official language or 60% for the rest.
5. Religion: Obligatory offer, eliminates the obligation to take an alternative subject and the grade will not count for university access processes or scholarships.
6. Culture of religions: In Primary and Secondary, non-denominational teaching of the culture of religions may be established.
7. Civic and ethical values: It will be studied in Primary and Secondary, with special attention to respect for Human and Child Rights and equality. In Secondary, the social role of taxes and fiscal justice will be known.
8. Special education: In ten years, ordinary centers must have the resources to serve students with disabilities. The administrations will provide support to the Special Education centers for students who require highly specialized attention.
10. Concerted: eliminates the “social demand” to open new centers or increase places. They will not be able to receive fees from families for receiving free education or impose contributions to foundations or associations.
11. Public land: progressive increase in school positions in the public network. The municipalities will cooperate in obtaining the necessary lots to build public centers.
12. Separation of students by sex: the centers supported partially or totally with public funds will not separate the students by their gender.
13. Admission of students: when there are not enough places, admission to a center will be governed by the priority criteria of enrolled siblings, proximity and income. Afterwards, being a large family or other circumstances will be taken into account.
14. Admission fees: When the demand for places exceeds the supply, the admission commissions will ensure the balanced presence in centers with public funds of students in need of educational support or underprivileged.
15. Places in children: increase in public places 0-3 years. Promote the existence of public centers that incorporate Infant with other educational stages.
16. Repetition of course: Students will pass the course when the teaching team considers it and also with one or two failed subjects. Repeating will be exceptional and the student can only do it twice a maximum throughout Primary and Secondary.
17. History of democracy: Students must acquire a deep knowledge of the history of democracy in Spain. It should be considered from a gender perspective.
18. Affective-sexual education: promote health education, including affective-sexual education, in a transversal manner from Primary.
19. Gender equality: promote the increase of female students in science, technology, engineering, arts and mathematics, and will promote the presence of male students in studies with a noticeable higher enrollment of women.
20. Defense of the planet: strengthen the affective capacities of the student in their relationships with the planet.
21. Secondary certification: Upon completion of ESO, students will receive an official certification with the years studied and the level of skills.
22. Baccalaureate: It can be done in three years and the possibility is also contemplated that the teaching team decides to obtain the degree for the student who has passed the subjects except one.
23. Adult education: Those over 16 years of age with a work contract or high performance athletes may join adult education.
24. Students without qualifications: Administrations may organize training programs for people over 17 years of age without qualification, to allow them a vocational training degree or academic certification.
25. Curricular diversification programs: modification and adaptation of the curriculum from the third year of Secondary for students who require it in order to obtain the title of graduate in ESO.
26. Teachers: Within one year from the entry into force of the law, the Government will make a normative proposal that regulates initial and permanent training, access and development to professional teachers. Teachers who show a manifest lack of conditions to occupy a position or a notorious lack of performance may be removed from their position.
27. Inspectors: the competition phase will assess the candidate’s professional career and merits, while the opposition phase will be a skills assessment and not a test.
28. Digitization: development of students’ digital competence at all educational stages.
29. Rural school: A free place in Primary is guaranteed in the student’s own municipality which, in the case of moving to the nearest school zone, will be minimizing displacement.
30. Plan for emergency situations: Education and communities will define a contingency plan so that continue educational activity in situations such as the coronavirus crisis.
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