The energy agreements reached by the United Kingdom and the European Union (EU) leave London Outside Joint Community Action Against Climate Change, but they put their environmental objectives at the level of respect for democracy, human rights and the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.
The trade agreement reached between the two parties, the details of which have been made public this Saturday, shows that the United Kingdom will exit from the joint action of European countries against climate change as of January 1, 2021, although both parties will continue to abide by key environmental principles, such as precaution, integration and the payment of damages by the one who causes the contamination.
London you will no longer be able to access the emissions trading system in the community area, a primary tool in the fight against greenhouse effect emissions, since it allows the sharing of the effort between European countries and the burden of meeting decarbonisation targets.
Despite this, the United Kingdom and the European Union acknowledge being part of a “shared biosphere”, which implies a joint coverage of the current objectives agreed in Brussels and included in laws that will remain in force after January also in British regulations, such as the waste recycling targets for 2030, water for 2027 and the pollution ceilings of the air by 2030.
The EU and the UK also reaffirm their ambition to achieve climate neutrality across the economy by 2050, and place the fight against climate change on the same level as other essential elements such as democracy, human rights and the rule of law, and the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.
It is the first time that the EU includes the fight against climate change as an “essential element” in a bilateral agreement with a third country. This means, for example, that if the EU or the UK withdrew from the Paris Agreement, or took action that defeated its purpose, the other party would have the right to suspend or even terminate part or all of the EU-UK Agreement. .
By agreeing to include the fight against climate change as an essential element of the agreement, the EU and the United Kingdom confirm their world leadership on this important issue and they hope to set an example for future agreements, stressed the European Commission.
The trade agreement includes the guarantees on the security of energy supply, although London will leave the EU energy market with Brexit, which will mean that the British will be left out of the single European management (without technical or regulatory barriers) of the exchange of energy through electrical interconnectors.
The United Kingdom it will not remain in the European Atomic Energy Community either. (Euratom), the single market for trade in nuclear materials and technology, a matter that will be governed from January by a “separate agreement on safe and peaceful uses of nuclear energy”, where the two parties agree to comply with obligations non-proliferation standards, without lowering the current level of nuclear safety standards.
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