There is still a long way to go to get the equality of LGTBI collective. The data is revealing. 18.8% of the students in the city of Alicante and 12% of teachers are unaware of the difference between biological sex, gender identity and sexual orientation.
This is one of the conclusions of the social diagnosis promoted by the Alicante City Council, directed by the PP and Ciudadanos, within the works included in the primer LGTBI municipal plan, recently presented to social groups and opposition groups of the Alicante Town Hall. That is one of the conclusions, among many others, that evidences the lack of training in sexual affective diversity that exists among those who must learn. And it is not surprising, because it also exists among those who teach. And there are many other unknowns about it: 17.8% of students doubt the meaning of bisexuality, while 32.4% of the teaching staff are not clear if «trans» minors should be able to choose the bathroom to go to in the educational center based on their felt gender. And an even higher percentage, 45.6% say they do not know the relationship between sexism and homophobia. Not inconsiderable figures.
The results are not surprising considering the limited training availableAccording to the survey: 45.3% of the teachers surveyed say they have not received training in affective and sexual diversity or in prevention of gender violence. A figure that rises among students: 46.8% say they have not received information on affective-sexual issues in their educational center. Of course, half of the young people asked shows interest, according to the study promoted by the Alicante City Council, in learning more about sexuality, sexual diversity and gender equality, among other issues. Among the teaching staff, if possible, the interest is much greater: 92.1% consider it “pertinent” to receive the necessary keys to be able to face the day-to-day with enough information to work for equality in the collective society LGTBI.
Knowing is also essential to be able to detect violent attitudes early. Thus, just three out of ten teachers affirm that there is LGTBIfobia in educational centers, while 31.7% admit that they do not know the follow-up protocol for «trans» students, which leads to an incorrect treatment of these people. Only 12.9% of the teachers surveyed in the city of Alicante claim to have experienced some type of discrimination due to their sexual orientation. The perspective among the students is different: a third say they have witnessed insults or have suffered them in person, while almost half of the young people interviewed (47.9%) acknowledge that there is fear in schools to freely express sexuality.
The survey promoted by the Equality area directed by Ciudadanos not only focuses on educational centers, both teachers and students, but also took to the streets. Among the results, the promoters of the study highlight that 28.5% of the citizens identify that LGTBI people “cannot show themselves freely” in the capital of Alicante, while 12.7% reject the inclusion of techniques of assisted reproduction for lesbian couples in Social Security.
In this regard, the local survey is also interested in the attacks received by LGTBI people. Most of the physical or verbal attacks are received in two areas: education (22.5% of those surveyed) and in public spaces (25.9%). The safest, judicial (1.6%) and health (1.9). The family environment enters fully into the question of where the discrimination in treatment is accentuated: the most intimate environment is not at all friendly for 22.2% of the interviewees.
This diagnosis promoted by the Alicante City Council is part of the first LGTBI Municipal Plan, which must be approved by the Governing Board. The initiative includes more than a hundred actions to try to make Alicante a “friendly city”, which involves the administration and social agents.
Eddie is an Australian news reporter with over 9 years in the industry and has published on Forbes and tech crunch.