Sunday, December 5

NATO tries to rearm and invest in artificial intelligence


Brussels

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The NATO Defense Ministers They agreed yesterday that the organization will develop its military capabilities in the field of new technologies and artificial intelligence, in addition to dusting off nuclear weapons as a dissuasive factor to face new global threats.

After trying to wipe the wounds of the debacle in Afghanistan, the Atlantic Alliance has agreed to bet massively on the development of artificial intelligence to deal with what Secretary General Jens Stoltemberg defined as a panorama in the that “our security environment continues to deteriorate”, especially as regards the attitude of China and Russia. The allies spoke too

of the new doctrine on nuclear weapons that the United States is going to adopt, in a context in which the US Secretary of Defense, Lloyd Austin, said that Washington does not seek an open conflict with China. However, he warned that he will continue to support Taiwan militarily in the face of harassment from Beijing.

The development of this new category of defensive elements of artificial intelligence has taken shape in the form of a declaration of intent by a group of countries that will contribute a total of one billion euros to finance an innovation fund While the other allies, including the United States, France, Spain, Canada or Turkey, will contribute “accelerator projects” and a series of test centers and industrial accelerators for the more concrete development of these technologies. The new strategy will be confirmed at the summit of heads of State or Government to be held in Spain agreeing with the 40th anniversary of his joining the organization.

The secretary general insisted that this technological turnaround will allow “better use of civil innovation for our security and strengthen the technological link between Europe and North America” ​​because “we all need to ensure that allies can operate the different technologies without problems, among their forces and between them ». All this is part of the first artificial intelligence strategy of a military alliance that has been defeated in an underdeveloped country by a gang of poorly armed guerrillas, but he suddenly discovers that the real threat may come from Russia, something known, or from China, which has long taken the lead over the West in this field. Until now the experience has been the opposite, that the massive investments in military technology have ended up developing decisive applications in the civil field. The most important of them has been the internet. Now it appears that the technology gap with China is so great that NATO hopes to be able to benefit from civilian developments to bolster its military positions.

The message was clearly heard from Beijing, where they have especially followed the last positions of the United States regarding Taiwan. A spokesman for the Chinese government yesterday asked the Americans for “caution” “both in their words and in their actions” but warned that “no one should underestimate China’s ability to safeguard its sovereignty.”

Austin commented that right now no one wants Taiwan and China to “come to blows” and that right now there is “growing interest” in allies and partners to work in the Indo-Pacific region and for the area to continue “to be free and open so that the rules-based international order remains in force there. ‘ Austin was referring to the alliance that the United States has recently signed with Australia, baptized as AUKUS, and which has not been formally discussed in this meeting of defense ministers, although it has been present in the gestures aimed at trying to reduce tensions with France. Diplomatic sources explained that between Paris and Washington the atmosphere has recovered after President Emmanuel Macron’s conversation with his American colleague Joe Biden, although the wounds with Australia “will take longer to heal.” The rest of the allies have contributed to overshadowing the strong cooperative relations that still exist between NATO and Australia, precisely to make France’s position more comfortable.

Just as the issue of Taiwan is “non-negotiable” for China, the issue of Ukraine’s possible integration into NATO is an unacceptable matter for Russia. Since Lloyd had been in Kiev before coming to the Brussels meeting, Moscow has again warned that the prospect of this country being accepted as a member of the Alliance considers it “a threat”. Stoltemberg denied that there was any intention to provoke the Putin regime, but also denied Moscow legitimacy to decide on whether or not Ukraine would join the organization. “NATO is a defensive alliance and it is up to Ukraine and its 30 allies to decide when Ukraine is ready to join the Alliance. No other country has the right to intervene or have a voice in that process because Ukraine is a sovereign and independent nation. And sovereign and independent nations have the right to choose their own path. And therefore, it is up to Ukraine to decide that they aspire to be members of NATO. And then, of course, the 30 allies will decide if it is ready and meets NATO standards. What we have seen is that NATO’s enlargement in recent decades really contributed to peace, stability throughout Europe and therefore there is no way that Russia should fear or have the right to try to veto or prevent a sovereign nation from joining the alliance. ‘

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