The member countries of the Organization of American States (OAS) turned their attention this Friday to the democratic situations of Nicaragua and Haiti, which covered the debate on the last day of the 51st General Assembly of the regional body.
The regional meeting, which took place during the last three days virtually with Guatemala as headquarters, concluded with resolutions related precisely to Nicaragua and Haiti, despite the claims of the Central American nation.
The resolution against Nicaragua was approved with 25 votes in favor, one against, seven abstentions and one absence, after being promoted by Canada, Antigua and Barbuda, Chile, Costa Rica, Ecuador, the United States, the Dominican Republic and Uruguay on “The situation in Nicaragua.”
The resolution deplores the ignore that the Government of the Central American country has made to the diplomatic and technical initiatives undertaken since June 2018 by the OAS to promote “representative democracy and the protection of human rights” In Nicaragua.
In addition, it concludes, based on the principles of the OAS Charter and the Inter-American Democratic Charter, that democratic institutions in the Central American country “They have been seriously undermined by the Government”.
In this context, it instructs the Permanent Council of the OAS to carry out a “immediate collective evaluation” of the situation in that country, in accordance with the OAS Charter and the Inter-American Democratic Charter, which must be completed “no later than November 30.”
After that period, that instance must take the “appropriate actions”.
The crisis in Haiti
The nations that make up the OAS also approved a resolution on “The situation in Haiti”, a country that is experiencing a political and social crisis in recent months after the assassination of its president, Jovenel Moise, on July 7.
Haitians also suffer from gasoline shortage which has caused long lines, crowds and the suspension of some activities, such as the cessation of broadcasts on Radio Télévision Caraïbe, the main station in the country.
Haitian Foreign Minister Claude Joseph said after the resolution that his country is in a “very difficult security” situation and that they cannot have an “effective” response to latent “threats” against their citizens.
Joseph asked for a “multilateral cooperation” and remarked that his country seeks a “democracy.”
Precisely in regard to Haiti, the Foreign Minister of the Dominican Republic, Roberto Alvarez, warned that the situation in the neighboring country “has reached a dramatic point “by gangs and the level of violence and insecurity.
Álvarez also pointed out that “There will be no Dominican solution to the Haitian crisis” and regretted that “daily life” of citizens in that country has become “a nightmare.”
In search of dialogue for the Falklands
The OAS also supported Argentina’s request for resume dialogue with the United Kingdom on the Falkland Islands, archipelago under British rule and whose sovereignty the South American country claims.
The delegations participating in the regional forum endorsed “by acclamation” a resolution on “The question of the Malvinas Islands” presented by Argentina.
The document “reaffirms the need for the Governments of the Republic of Argentina and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to resume, as soon as possible, the negotiations on the sovereignty dispute, with the aim of finding a peaceful solution to this protracted controversy. ”
The reaction to Argentina’s words came from the British Minister for Europe and the Americas, Wendy Morton, who as an observer member claimed that the Malvinas “They have their own government, with free elections and with independent and free representation and can make their decisions on issues that correspond to them “.
Morton asked the assembly “respect for the determination of the islands” and regretted “with sorrow” that Argentina “has taken steps this year that represent a return to the previous point“.
He also complained of a military exercise conducted by Argentina in December to commemorate the 1982 invasion of the Falklands, which, he said, “are defenseless from the UK.”
The 51st General Assembly also concluded with two resolutions on the pandemic and another on human rights, before defining Peru as its headquarters for 2022.
Eddie is an Australian news reporter with over 9 years in the industry and has published on Forbes and tech crunch.