Monday, April 8

Other refugee crises


It was in the middle of the 20th century when the refugees generated during the second world war gave rise to the creation of UNHCRthe UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) with the aim of protecting and assisting millions of war victims. Mistakenly, it was believed that the agency would last a few years once the war was over. Sixty years later, not only has it not disappeared, but it is also witnessing the Ukrainian refugee crisis generated by the Russian invasion. A million people have left the country in a week. Then other major refugee crises addressed by UNHCR in its six decades of existence.

Since 2011, beginning of the war in syriamillions of people have been forced to leave their homes to seek protection within their own country or abroad, especially in neighboring countries such as Lebanon, Turkey, Jordan and elsewhere. A total of 6.6 million people are Syrian refugees in the worldof which 5.5 million are in neighboring countries. Around 6.7 million people have been internally displaced.

In 1992, the bosnian war became one of the most dramatic and emblematic conflicts of the violent disintegration of the former Yugoslavia that left near 2.7 million refugees and internally displaced personsbecoming at that time the largest displacement in Europe since the Second World War.

On 1949, the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) was mandated by the General Assembly to provide services to registered Palestine refugees living in the Middle East. When it began operations in 1950, it served the needs of around 750,000 Palestine refugees. The agency, provider of basic services, currently serves 5 million peoplein the agency’s five areas of operations: the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, Jordan, Lebanon and the Syrian Arab Republic.

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Since January 2021, before the return of the Taliban to power, some 270,000 Afghans had been forcibly displaced within the country – mainly due to insecurity and violence – since more than three million to abandon it. The figures have increased.

the war of Yemen has caused what the UN still considers the worst humanitarian disaster in the world. In seven years of war, there have been counted two million displaced. For almost seven years, Yemen has witnessed a war that has left 233,000 people dead and 80% of the population of 30 million has become dependent on aid to survive.


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