Pedro Castillo He prevailed over Keiko Fujimori and will become the next president of Peru, by 69,774 votes according to 100 percent of the count of the National Office of Electoral Processes (ONPE).
Meanwhile, in the National Elections Jury there are 50 thousand votes to review. Furthermore, Fujimori’s request for annul 200,000 votes in Andean areas, where Castillo’s vote was higher than hers, will be held in a parallel process that will be resolved at the latest next Saturday.
Peru is one of the countries most shaken by the Covid 19 pandemic, where since 2020 more than 180,000 people have died, which has caused a total collapse of the country and an increase in the disappointment of Peruvians with their politicians.
After 8 weeks that distance the first from the second round, Peruvians witnessed one of the most polarized political campaigns due to the fact that two worlds collided with different visions to improve the country: on the one hand, Lima and the big cities in favor of Fujimori and, on the other, the Andes and the Amazon rainforest, which the leftist candidate represents.
Pedro Castillo, 51 year old teacher, became known at the national level after leading a strike in which better conditions were requested for teachers and that was very poorly managed by the government of then president Pedro Pablo Kuczynski.
On that occasion, the former Minister of the Interior, Carlos Basombrio, accused him of working within a faction linked to the Maoist terrorist band Sendero Luminoso (SL), and that fact hampered the negotiations led by the Minister of Education, Marilu Martens.
The mismanagement of the strike allowed Castillo to rise as leader, eventually creating a union run by himself called to National Federation of Workers in Education of Peru (FENATEP).
Although Castillo did not get much of what he asked for in that strike that lasted almost eight months, the union leader who became known throughout the country was born. Upon his return to Cajamarca (department where the Spanish conqueror, Francisco Pizarro kidnapped and ordered the death of the Inca Atahualpa in 1535), located in the province of Chota, in the district of Tacabamba and the hamlet of Anguía; The rural teacher returned to continue doing union politics, an activity that added to his 15 years of membership in the “Peru Possible” party, which was founded by former President Alejandro Toledo (2001-06).
As the political scientist explains Rodrigo Barrenechea, support for Castillo is based on the two divisions of the last decades: what separates Lima and the rest of the country because there is an ethnic and hopeful identity and anti-Fujimorism, that amorphous entity that is organized every five years and that prevented Keiko Sofía Fujimori wins in the 2011 and 2016 elections.
«In republican history, Castillo is a rural teacher absolutely disconnected from the traditional circuits of power. and its only source of power is the support that people give it by identification. People don’t vote for Castillo because of his proposals. It is a vote of identification that seeks to see itself represented. That produces a lot of fear, it is not fear of Castillo but of what Castillo represents. In a post-colonial country, the cholo provokes fear of overflow, of the breaking of the social dam, ”explained Barrenechea.
A Peru split in two
The polarization of positions has caused family members not to speak to each other, friends who have broken relations with their classmates from primary or secondary school, bosses who threatened their workers with shouting support for Fujimori, signs all over the big cities that They point out that Castillo is a “terrorist”, attacks with stones against the entourage of the candidate Keiko Sofía Fujimori and attacks on Castillo’s followers in wealthy districts of Lima such as Miraflores and Barranco.
It has also caused photos to be published on social networks of the owners of businesses who did not vote in favor of one Keiko Sofía Fujimori in Lima, and with this they did not comply with “saving the homeland.”
In a tense week for Peruvians, the Peruvian Prosecutor’s Office today requested the preventive detention of Keiko Sofía Fujimori for violating the rules of conduct under appearance when meeting with one of the witnesses in the process that is being followed for money laundering; your party spokesman and former congressman, Miguel Torres placeholder image.
Last March, the prosecutor Jose Domingo Perez He accuses her of money laundering and asks Keiko Sofía Fujimori for 30 years and 10 months for allegedly receiving illicit payments in the 2011 and 2016 campaigns.
In 2016, Keiko Sofía Fujimori did not accept having lost by more than 40 thousand votes against Pedro Pablo Kuczynski and during the second round he acknowledged that “he should have asked for a recount of the votes” against PPK and “made a more loyal opposition.” Also in 2011, he lost to Ollanta Humala by half a million votes.
George is Digismak’s reported cum editor with 13 years of experience in Journalism