Tuesday, August 9

Photos: Mexican offering deposited after the invasion of Tenochtitlan in CDMX is discovered

It is made up of various materials such as a pot with bone remains and 13 incense burners.

Photo: RODRIGO ARANGUA/AFP / Getty Images

In a property in the center of Mexico City, the remains of a Mexica house that survived the Spanish conquest were located, according to the excavations carried out by the archaeological salvage team of the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH).

Last August, at the height of the commemoration of the fifth centenary of the taking of Tenochtitlan, a property adjacent to Plaza Garibaldi, in the Historic Center of Mexico City, began to reveal its oldest past, when It was the home of a Mexica family that survived the Spanish invasion.

The remains of a Mexica dwelling were located. (Photo: INAH)

In honor of that fading world, the y the inhabitants of this ancient domestic unit performed a ritual in the 16th century, possibly between 1521 and 1610 AD, to testify that this was the end of a cycle of their lives and their civilization.

Between songs and the smell of copal, the residents arranged in the patio an offering with multiple elements, among which a pot with bone remains (human ashes) and 13 polychrome incense sticks almost one meter long, used to burn the resin stand out.

They highlight a pot with bone remains. (Photo: INAH)

For the coordinator of these archaeological rescue tasks, Mara Abigaíl Becerra Amezcua, this discovery is significant within the framework of the “500 years of indigenous resistance”, as has been declared in 2021, since this offering, located just over four meters deep, it was covered with several layers of well-consolidated adobes to keep it out of the eyes of others, indicative of the temperament of those Mexica who remained in Tenochtitlan after the taking of the city by Hernán Cortés.

The researcher comments that after the report of the Housing Institute of Mexico City (INVI) before the Directorate of Archaeological Salvage (DSA) of the INAH, her team went in September to the home, located in the Lázaro Cárdenas Central Axis, and along In three months they carried out specific archaeological excavations in the middle part of the land, which have already been completed.

They investigated the various layers of a site that has remained a dwelling for centuries. (Photo: INAH)

On the property, Mara Becerra and her colleague Ximena Andrea Castro Rivera investigated the various layers of a site that has remained as a home over the centuries, until they reached the start of the walls of that first house that belonged to Tezcatzonco, a minor neighborhood. of Cuepopan-Tlaquechiuhca, one of the four partialities that made up Tenochtitlan.

The foundations of the Mexica housing complex were found in the middle part of the property (500 m² in size), where the INVI construction project envisaged a deep foundation and the installation of a couple of cisterns. A survey revealed the archaeological potential of the space and thus, at depths ranging from 3.50 m to 5.20 m, the vestiges based on tezontles and adobes were discovered, in an approximate area of ​​80 m².

The excavation revealed that the space of that house was made up of an interior patio. (Photo: INAH)

The excavation revealed that the space of that house was made up of an interior patio, where the closing offering was located, a room and a corridor that connects five rooms that still maintain part of their original stucco floors and walls (thick ranging from 30 to 50 cm).

These rooms, one of which was a kitchen, as was deduced from the record of a tlecuilli or fire pit, they reached measures of 4 m by 3 m, but their total dimensions are unknown because they continue under the neighboring properties.

This residence was the reason for spatial and architectural modifications in at least two stages. (Photo: INAH)

The archaeologist Mara Becerra specifies that This residence was the cause of spatial and architectural modifications in at least two stages: in the Late Postclassic period, between 1325 and 1521 AD, and in the Spanish occupation, between 1521 and 1610 AD

The most striking discovery within this set is said offering under the floor of the interior patio, a context that confirms the sacred character of Cuepopan-Tlaquechiuhca, border partiality with Tlatelolco, and that in the viceregal period would become Santa María La Redonda.

Inside, cremated bone remains were detected. (Photo: INAH)

For instance, from this place came the priest who lit the new fire every 52 years in the sanctuary of Huizachtépetl (Cerro de la Estrella), a moment that marked the end and the inauguration of a life cycle, the specialist refers.

The arrangement, quantity and quality of the materials that made up this closing offering are consistent with this sacred character: 13 incense sticks, a pulquera cup with a tripod base, five bowls, a plate and a pot with a globular body on which they placed four vessels as a Cover.

Inside the latter, cremated bone remains were detected, a widespread funeral custom in the Mesoamerican world, possibly of an infant; however, this will have to be verified by micro-excavating the ashes.

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