Tuesday, August 16

Poland considers the changes in the reform of the judicial system “resolved”

The Polish government does not understand the latest statements by the European Commission, critical of the changes in the Polish judicial reform and that continue to question the delivery of European aid withheld for this reason. The Polish president, Andrzej doubt, considers that the matter had been “settled” and that it had been agreed with the Commission that everything was “resolved”, after complying with the legal reforms that allowed compliance with the conditions of judicial independence imposed by the Union European. In an interview granted to Polish television, Duda responded to the statement made by the President of the European Commission, Ursula Von der Leyen, in which she lamented that the changes in the judicial system introduced by Poland do not yet provide sufficient guarantees of independence to judgesan issue that “has to be resolved to meet the commitments and therefore unlock the first payment of European funds for economic recovery.”

The Polish president, who endorsed the modifications in the judicial reform of his country that include the suppression of the disciplinary chamber, recovers the old discourse of confrontation with Brussels and assures that “for a long time, the European Commission, the European Parliament and other institutions European authorities have meddled in matters in Polish affairs without authorization, completely transgressing the framework of the treaties and their competences. Duda insists that, according to him, the president of the European Commission confirmed that “the solutions” he proposed “were approved” and that, after being “approved by Parliament” and “signed into law and today constitute a binding commitment ». For his part, the Polish Prime Minister, Mateusz Morawiecki, has referred to the same matter and has ruled that “of course” Poland will receive “sooner or later, probably by the end of the year” the 23.9 billion euros in direct transfers and €11.5 billion in loans from the EU’s post-pandemic recovery fund.

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For more than a year, Warsaw and Brussels have maintained a dispute over the legality of the judicial reform undertaken by the Polish government and which, according to the European Union, undermines judicial independence. In addition to imposing a daily fine of one million euros on the Polish government, Brussels demanded that Poland modify its judicial reform before being able to receive European funds of recovery, which caused some members of the Polish Executive to accuse Europe of practicing “blackmail”, “economic terrorism” and having a “colonialist attitude”. After long negotiations and a setback in the judicial reform polka, President Duda now declares himself “surprised”, very specifically by the turn of the vice president of the European Commission, Věra Jourová, who now considers that his judicial reform project is insufficient to unlock the money from the Polish Recovery Fund.


The statements that threaten to set back many months of negotiations between Warsaw and Brussels came last week, when Jourová was asked in the European Parliament whether the bill proposed by Duda and approved by the Polish parliament met the milestones agreed by the Polish government and the Commission. Jourová said that she “no”, so Poland cannot receive the money. “It’s amazing. When the bill was processed, I consulted the President of the Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, on numerous occasions and never had such doubts. I’ts something new for me», replies Duda, emphasizing that von der Leyen considered his proposal «acceptable» for the Commission. “We have implemented what we agreed with the Commission,” insists the Polish president.

Duda’s proposal referred, among other things, to the dismantling of the Disciplinary Chamber of the Supreme Court that the Court of Justice of the EU ruled that it was illegal and politicized. Its dissolution was one of the milestones of the Commission for the release of the first tranche of recovery money for Poland. The plan was finally accepted in May, but on the condition that Warsaw met all the milestones agreed with the Commission, referring mainly to judicial reforms. “Only when all the conditions are met will Poland receive the money from the EU Recovery Fund,” von der Leyen warned.

The delay in European funds, on the other hand, has deepened divisions within the Polish government. While Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki has recently admitted that “It would be suicide” for Poland to give up the resources of the Recovery FundEurosceptic Justice Minister Zbigniew Ziobro insists that Poland should give up EU money if the European Commission restricts Poland’s freedom to adopt laws.


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