With 31 votes in favor, five against and three abstentions, the Puebla Congress has approved the reforms to the Civil Code that guarantee the right to marriage and cohabitation between people of the same sex. With this vote, Puebla becomes the 14th state to make homosexual marriages a right.
The Puebla Congress follows the guideline set by the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation (SCJN), which since 2015 has opened the door for homosexual marriages to take place in Mexico, despite the fact that local laws do not consider it legal.
Since then, the SCJN had made three recommendations to the local Congress of Puebla to reform its Civil Code. Puebla, a strongly conservative state in the center of the country, where pressures from the Catholic Church and anti-rights groups have repeatedly delayed the vote, eliminated ten articles that considered marriage solely as the union between a man and a woman with the purpose of the reproduction.
“We acknowledge the deputies of Puebla who voted in favor of the initiative for access to same-sex marriage. With this they have given an important show of commitment to respect the human rights of the LGBTIQ + community ”, the organization celebrated Equal Mexico. “We will continue to fight for the recognition of other rights that constitute a lagged agenda and that it is also urgent to legislate from the framework of sexual and reproductive rights and human rights in general,” insisted the organization, which fights for the rights of the child. LGBTIQ + collective.
“It is always good news [que se apruebe el matrimonio igualitario] But Puebla is one of the states with the largest population and that, historically, has been considered very conservative. We must recognize the importance that the LGBT movement and civil society have had in the last two decades and their important achievements, ”said Ricardo Baruch, a researcher and activist on issues related to sexual diversity.
For their part, opposition legislators, including those from the conservative National Action Party (PAN) who voted against it, rejected that the reform could open the door to adoption by same-sex couples.
Gay marriage is recognized in Mexico City, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Morelos, Hidalgo, Michoacán, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo and San Luis Potosí.
While Chiapas, Jalisco, Nuevo León, Baja California and Aguascalientes were indicated by the SCJN to also accept the union of people of the same sex since, if not, their constitutions or civil codes violate human rights.
Ricardo Baruch considers that the news represents a very important step for the rights of the LGBT community in Puebla, but remembers that there are many pending issues. Among them, the approval of the gender identity law, the prohibition of conversion therapies and the eradication of violence against trans and homosexual people.
“It is important to recognize that these issues have advanced, but there are other rights issues that have not advanced, such as the decriminalization of abortion. The current Morena government is much more opposed to abortion than to other issues related to sexual diversity, ”says Baruch. In July 2021, Puebla will hold new elections in which this and other issues will be defining to govern the next three years.
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