Thursday, August 18

Sánchez seeks the internal agreement to channel the labor reform

The crisis was closed, but probably wrong. Because the forging of the labor reform enters, now, in its phase “decisive“And because it will be now when the differences in” content “between the Government partners emerge. And because the last pulse between the PSOE and United We Can, the first of depth that Yolanda Díaz has waged since the departure of Pablo Iglesias from the Executive, has left , according to both parties, deeper wounds. Resentments, severe mistrust. ” many cards on the table and we have seen it“, indicated this Monday the Socialists, sliding that criticism towards the second vice president that before was hardly perceived with force.

Pedro Sánchez meets with her, with Díaz, and with the first vice president, Nadia Calviño, this Tuesday after the Council of Ministers, at 12 noon. It was what was agreed last week, when the two partners laid the foundations for a new dynamic to face the final stretch of the negotiation of the labor reform. Work will lead the conversations with unions and employers, but will be closely watched by the ministries led by the PSOE. In addition, Díaz and Calviño will not be alone with the president this Tuesday. Also sitting are the holders of the Treasury, María Jesús Montero; Inclusion, José Luis Escrivá, and Education, Pilar Alegría.

From Moncloa it was insisted this Monday that the summit de Sánchez with his ministers intends “establish the methodology of work that guarantees the maximum coordination of the entire Government for the negotiation phase that will be taken to the social dialogue table “, because this month the agreement with the social agents should be closed, so that later it can be translated into a royal decree law that will be ready by December 31. Both parties assume that Sánchez will not go into the technical detail of the reform, because for that, meetings have already been planned before and after the meetings with businessmen and centrals on Wednesdays, but at Unidos Podemos they trust that at least the political perimeter of the new labor market legislation will be cleared. That is, to enter the “contents”, the specific “objectives”.

The PSOE has so far avoided setting a position. Deliberately, because you have repeatedly dodged questions in the same vein. Montero did it in the interview with this newspaper, but also Calviño and Sánchez in Rome, in the G-20, this past weekend. In fact, there were some words from the president that alarmed United We Can. The socialist leader remarked that the government’s task is “modernize“the productive model and update labor relations because” the moment is now. “” That will mean that some of the things that were done wrong in 2012 [con la reforma aprobada por el PP de Mariano Rajoy] be rebuilt, “he said, without giving further details and without speaking at any time about”repeal“, the fetish word that Díaz uses and that he shuns. For the president, the key is”look ahead“The” fundamental “thing is to appeal to the” responsibility of the country “and that they are in the consensus of employers and unions.

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Will keep his word

Unidos Podemos was concerned and its parliamentary spokesperson, Pablo Echenique, recovered on Twitter the “agreements are to be kept“(The pacts are to be fulfilled) that Iglesias wielded so much. The Moncloa worked on Sunday afternoon to clarify that the reform planned by the Government, and defended by Sánchez, is”structural“, draft. It is a”commitment“Of the Executive, they abounded this Monday, which the president expressed in his inauguration, in the coalition program and before Brussels, and now” he will keep his word.

But first the internal pact will have to arrive, within the Cabinet. And that end is heading the meeting this Tuesday in Moncloa, as the president’s collaborators recognized: “The two parties are working to get the reform together“. Last week’s crisis was closed with the commitment of the partners to light a labor reform” in the terms of the agreement of the coalition Government “signed by Sánchez and Iglesias in December 2019. Calviño, on Saturday in the Italian capital , established the four main points of negotiation: simplification of contracts, regulation of subcontracting, rebalancing of the parties in collective bargaining and making the ertes a structural mechanism.

“After the messages from Moncloa this Sunday, we are reassured, but we are they are not clear with what they say“They pointed out from the environment of the second vice president, where they manifested themselves” prudently optimistic “regarding the expectations of Tuesday’s meeting. They trust that the” contents “will finally be cleared. The Socialists, although officially speaking of” methodology ” , they also admit that the small print is where the discrepancies will emerge. Their analysis is that with their entry into the negotiation there are options for the employer to enter into the agreement, a leg that in their opinion was in danger now, after months of talks led by Job.

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However, in Díaz’s team they deny that such a risk existed, and they recall that all the agreements on social dialogue have had the consensus of the employers, except for the last increase in the minimum wage, from which they declined. They point out that senior Labor officials are “experts” in dealing with employers and refer to the last words of the CEOE chief, Antonio Garamendi, in an interview this Monday in El Periódico de España, in which he does not enter the dispute in the Government opting in favor of Calviño. “Not even we are going to go a millimeter beyond what was agreed with Brussels [en el componente 23 del plan de recuperación] nor are we going to lower the flag of an agreement with all, with employers and centrals. That flag is Yolanda’s, “the purple ones stand out.

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson; the President of the Government, Pedro Sánchez and the Secretary General of the UN, Antonio Gutierres, at COP26. EP

There was no call Sánchez-Díaz

The irritation goes both ways. In the socialist area of ​​the Executive, they did not like that Díaz held the pulse and directly challenged Sánchez, who was so tough – even more, they appreciate, that the ministers party, Ione Belarra and Irene Montero, who maintained more “constructive” positions, according to Moncloa – that would transfer out a difference that, they believe, could have been conducted within the Government, no ambient “noise”. The purple ones, meanwhile, remember that the head of Work “always protected and defended“the bipartisan,” did not put him in check.

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The struggle between the two partners was deep, to the point that in Ferraz the risk of rupture was felt, a “heater“That before, in previous fights in the coalition, he had not appeared. The president did not pick up the phone to unblock the conflict directly with Díaz (something he did with Iglesias), and delegated the resolution of the crisis, basically, to his squire in Moncloa, Félix Bolaños. With this, he also sent a signal to the second vice president, put distance and placed himself a step above, without going into close combat with her. In Díaz’s team, they indicate that “it was not necessary“That call because everything was resolved at the lower levels. The two met in Trujillo, at the XXXII Hispano-Lusa Summit,” and their relationship is not damaged at all. “Sánchez did want to get to the appointment, last Thursday, with the mess solved, and so it was It was not the ideal scenario to have the internal crisis open the same day that he appeared with the Portuguese Prime Minister, António Costa, who was heading for early elections after seeing his Budgets overturned.

The Socialists intuit that the disagreements will continue in the coming weeks: the Government enters at a critical moment by the processing of State accounts by 2022 —this Thursday the total amendments will be overcome, but the partial ones and the negotiations with the groups will still remain— and the labor reform. Both initiatives have to be ready by December 31st. After that, there will be two years in the legislature, although with ballot boxes in between, and that will further tighten the seams of the coalition. “The scars in politics – sources close to Díaz point out – last until the next conflict comes or there is a positive resolution. And this chapter has not left the relationship open on the channel.” The divorce is not in sight: neither the PSOE nor the United We can, both admit, and there is no alternative to their alliance.

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