Saturday, December 5

The 10 most addictive drugs


Addictive drugs

Addictive drugs
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The abuse of certain medications can be addictive. They are legally sold under prescription but for non-medical use already represents a serious public health problem in some countries like the United States. The medicines used to treat pain, attention deficit disorders or anxiety are becoming addictive substances for illegal drug users.

The abuse of certain prescription medications, including opioids, central nervous system (CNS) depressants, and stimulants, can lead to a variety of adverse health effects, beyond addiction. The problem worsens. The truth is that this increase is reflected in a greater number of admissions to detoxification treatments, a greater number of visits to emergency rooms and an increase in deaths from overdoses.

In Spain, the vast majority of these drugs require a prescription for dispensing. Juan Armengol Richart, Saluspot member and pharmacist, explains to us which are the most addictive drugs sold in the pharmacy.

Derivatives of opium

They are medications that relieve pain. Reduce the intensity of pain signals that reach the brain and affect the areas of the brain that control emotions, thus lessening the effects of a painful stimulus.

Morphine

Medication with great analgesic power, is used to treat very strong pain and is often used in surgery. The addiction It occurs because it binds to opiate pain receptors, producing a state of well-being in the patient. A prescription is required and is dispensed in intramuscular vials.

Fentanyl

Too acts on receptors opiates from pain and hence its great analgesic power. It is used in the chronic pain treatment and is usually applied with transdermal patches. You need a specific prescription for narcotics.

Tramadol

It is an opioid pain reliever. It is used in tablets to treat pain but you do not need the specific prescription for narcotics, making it easier for the patient to access.

Codeine

It is an opiate derivative but has an antitussive effect, so it is useful against dry cough. It is easily available in pharmacies in the form of syrup and tablets, so there may be a greater number of people with this addiction. It usually causes constipation.

Benzodiazepines group

They are known as sedatives or tranquilizers, are substances that can decrease brain activity. This property makes them useful for the treatment of anxiety and sleep disorders.

Diazepan

It is a long-acting anxiolytic. He was the first of the group with hypnotic, anticonvulsant, sedative and muscle relaxant activity. It is dispensed in tablets and it is recommended to use at most 15 days.

Lorazepan

It is a short-acting anxiolytic. It has hypnotic, anticonvulsant, sedative and muscle relaxant action. Is prescribed in tablets to the elderly.

Alprazolam

Short-acting anxiolytic, unlike the previous ones, this one has antidepressant activity. All require a prescription and come in tablet form.

Stimulants

In this case, they act in the brain in a similar way to a key family of brain neurotransmitters called monoamines, which include norepinephrine and dopamine. Stimulants increase the effects of these chemicals in the brain.

Methylphenidate

It is a weak stimulant of the central nervous system. Is used to treat hyperactivity disorder with attention deficit. It is used in children mainly and in the form of tablets.

Oximetazolina

It is a nasal decongestant in inhaler format that is easily available in pharmacies without a prescription. It is not recommended to use more than 3 days. If used for many days, it can cause a rebound effect and you always need it to breathe better (addiction).

Caffeine

Produces cardiac stimulation. It is used in tablets as an antimigraine in combination with other analgesics, producing addiction to these preparations. They are easily available in the pharmacy.

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