The Chamber of Deputies of Argentina has approved a bill that allows free and legal access to abortion until the 14th week of gestation and that now must go to the Senate for debate and eventual sanction.
The text, which was promoted by the Government of Alberto Fernández, received 131 votes in favor, 117 against and six abstentions, after a session that lasted 20 hours and during which multitudes of people demonstrated, both in favor or against. , just outside the Congress in Buenos Aires.
The project represents a strong change from the current situation – today legal abortion is only allowed if the woman suffered rape or her life is in danger – and authorizes the conscientious objection of doctors who do not want to participate in abortion, but always to quickly refer patients to other professionals to do so.
“To ensure the assistance and accompaniment of all women and pregnant people who decide to interrupt their pregnancy is to understand that it is fundamentally a public health problem”, said the official deputy Cecilia Moreau, in the same sense in which Fernández has been pronouncing since the 2019 electoral campaign, when he promised to promote the project with the main motivation of reducing clandestine abortions, which put women’s lives at risk.
The president of the Chamber Sergio Massa marked the moment with a publication on his Twitter account.
Thousands of people waited for the decision in the streets and celebrated it with joy as soon as the result of the vote was published
This approval by the Lower House comes two years after the deputies already approved a similar text, with 129 votes in favor, but it was later truncated in the Senate, whose members represent the provinces, some of them with a more profile. conservative.
Again, difficulties are estimated in the Upper House, since although the ruling party has an absolute majority (41 seats), abortion generates differences within the main political groups, both the ruling coalition and the opposition.
“Abortion is the clear emergence of the lack of education, of opportunities, of inequalities and violence against women, and instead of solving the causes we come to propose that the resolution of the problem remain in the private sphere of women, offering him as the only solution that he can dispose of his son’s life, “criticized Graciela Camano, from the Federal Consensus bloc.
The legislator went further and asserted that “although they want to attenuate and use euphemisms”, what is being done is “to discard the life of a human being”, and that is, in her opinion, what makes the law “unconstitutional “.
For her part, Silvia Ginocchio, from the ruling Frente de Todos, considered that to end the clandestinity, it is necessary to advance with prevention and sexual education policies throughout the country.
“Abortion exists. Those who oppose legalization condemn women to clandestinity, putting at risk the only life that the State can save,” said Silvia Lospenato, of the opposition Juntos por el Cambio.
Once the debate on the project to legalize abortion ended, the deputies began to discuss another one also devised by the Executive, which creates the “1,000-day” plan, to lower mortality, malnutrition and malnutrition and prevent violence , promoting the emotional and physical development and the health of mothers and their children up to 3 years of age.
When the result of the vote was known, the Minister of Women, Gender and Diversity of the Nation, Elizabeth Gómez Alcorta, assured that it is “a fundamental step and recognition of a long struggle that women’s movements have been carrying out” in the country for years.
“But it is also the product of the political decision of President Alberto Fernández and Vice President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner that by sending this project they fulfilled one of the campaign promises,” he added.
“The decision of the Executive Power is clear: that never again a woman or a pregnant person is forced to carry out a clandestine abortion and put her life or health at risk; but, at the same time, that no woman is in the situation to make the decision to have an abortion by virtue of their state of economic or social vulnerability ”, indicated Gómez Alcorta.
Now it remains to set the day in which the Senate will discuss the project in plenary session, something that may happen before the end of the year.
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