The Minister of Education of the Balearic Government, the socialist Martí March, yesterday presented the final version of the preliminary draft of the future Balearic Education Law, which establishes that Catalan will be the “backbone language” of teaching on the islands. In the first draft of said preliminary draft, which had been presented in November of last year, it was explicitly recognized that Spanish would be one of the two vehicular languages in education, but that reference has now been eliminated from the final version. Asked about this last circumstance, March replied that the future Balearic educational law wants to be in line witha with what is already established in linguistic matters by Lomloe or «Celaá law ». In any case, it is specified in the articles that Spanish will be one of the two “teaching and learning” languages in the Balearic Islands.
March explained that during the public exposure period 946 allegations were submitted to the initial draft. In addition, the original text was debated with United We Can and MÉS per Mallorca, which are part -together with the PSOE- of the Executive that the socialist presides over Francina Armengol.
Precisely, the island ecosoberanists managed to get March to agree to introduce a new article referring to the linguistic model, number 133, which states that it is due «guarantee the use of the Catalan language, typical of the Balearic Islands, as the language of teaching and learning, at least in the middle of the school hours with the aim of ensuring the process of linguistic normalization “. As if this were not enough, article 134 opens the possibility for centers to implement linguistic immersion in Catalan. “The educational centers, so that the Catalan language of the Balearic Islands maintains the function of reference and social cohesion, they can implement educational strategies of linguistic immersion”. In this sense, Julián Ruiz-Bravo, secretary and deputy spokesperson of the Association “PLIS Education, please” has denounced that “the draft of the Balearic Education Law aims to provide legal coverage to illegal linguistic immersion and contrary to what established by the Constitution through the interpretation of the Constitutional Court in its decisions of 1982 and 2010, which oblige the co-official languages let them be the language of teaching, the vehicular languages »,
Ruiz Bravo highlights as “symptomatic” of this imitation of Lomloe the fact that “the Balearic Government has made the following sentence disappear that was in the preliminary draft exposed to public consideration:” The use of official languages as vehicular languages of teaching”. That is to say, the same operation of the Lomloe is repeated, which included in the draft that Spanish was the vehicular language and that later, due to nationalist pressure, it withdraws the term “vehicular”». Ruiz-Bravo points out that although the draft law formally states in the preamble that the model is one of “linguistic conjunction or integrated bilingualism”, it only considers the use of Spanish as a mere “possibility”, without establishing any quota or percentage of use. In any case, it does recognize “the right of students to receive the first education in their language if it is one of the official ones.”
Ruiz Bravo has denounced that “taking into account that currently, with the minimum decree, linguistic immersion is already practiced in almost all schools in the Balearic Islands, it is not necessary to be very savvy to ensure that with this law language projects will continue, with more still force, on the path of illegal linguistic immersion ». On the other hand, Nuria Riera, deputy and spokesperson for Education of the PP in the Balearic Islands has criticized that the Balearic Government “wants to be the most disciplined student of Mrs. Celaá.”
Separate by sex
And there are also other changes with respect to the original draft, such as references to the incorporation of the general principles of the nondenominational or the right to receive the teaching of Religion under the conditions established.
With regard to the concerted school, article 166 establishes as a condition for the agreement “to school students with habitual residence in the municipality or in the educational zone in the proportion determined by the competent ministry for education and in accordance with criteria of educational programming ».
What does it mean? What the proximity criterion prevailsIn other words, living near the center instead of giving priority to the parents’ choice. Also, like the “Celaá law”, it eliminates the agreement to differentiated education centers. In addition, article 167 conditions the approval of new educational concerts as well as the extension is subject to the schooling of students under the conditions established by the administration (from the same area and co-educated).
The text also marginalizes special education. «Students with specific educational support needs will preferably attend regular schools with the necessary human and material resources, and exceptionally in special educational units in ordinary centers, in special education centers or in the combined schooling modality, in order to guarantee their schooling in the most appropriate conditions.
The new Balearic education law could be approved at the end of next year.
Digsmak is a news publisher with over 12 years of reporting experiance; and have published in many industry leading publications and news sites.