The three parliamentary groups of the Botanist, PSPV- PSOE, Commitment and United We Can, have presented this Wednesday the proposed Circular Economy law a new regulatory framework that follows the line set by the European institutions and that seeks to make the Valencian Community the third autonomy to have a legal framework in this regard. This has been defended by the spokesmen for the Environment of the PSPV-PSOE, Paco Gil, Compromís, Graciela Ferrer, and Unides Podem, Beatriu Gascó, at a press conference who have explained the need to have this regulatory framework to face the ecological transition . Measures are envisaged to ensure the people’s access to clean tap water in buildings and public spaces, as well as in establishments on the Horec channel (bars, restaurants and cafeterias), in line with compliance with the human right of access to drinking water included in the UN Human Rights Declaration since 2010 and the recently approved directive on the quality of water intended for human consumption.
The main novelties included in the initial document of the bill are the introduction of the laboratory of zero residue; the preparation for reuse in the eco-park networks in the Region and the reintroduction of reusable packaging in the commercial distribution channel. In addition, the law emphasizes combating food waste and strengthening public-private collaboration, also giving special attention to municipalities.
Following this line of work, the Agency for Waste and Circular Economy was created as well as a new Office for Waste Prevention, as new cornerstones of the implementation of environmental policies on waste management in the Valencian Community.
This new regulation also incorporates measures for the development of a sustainable public procurement regional plan in order to favor the reduction in the generation of waste and food waste, the reuse and use of recycled materials -particularly electronic devices. , to reduce the waste of electrical and electronic equipment, and materials made from construction and demolition waste for public works. Likewise, measures are envisaged to ensure people’s access to drinking tap water in buildings and public spaces, as well as in canal establishments. Horeca, in line with the fulfillment of the human right of access to drinking water included in the UN Human Rights Declaration since 2010 and the recently approved European directive on the quality of water intended for human consumption.
Likewise, the development of specific regulations at the regional level is foreseen to prevent and reduce food waste from the production phases to the consumption phase, passing through the transformation and distribution phases.
The proposal also addresses the objective of drastically improving the selective collection of organic matter in order to produce a quality compost that is returned to the earth, and for this it includes the selective collection of biorresiduos mandatory for all municipalities in the Valencian Community, by combining various systems for the selective collection of domestic and commercial organic waste (door-to-door, computerized containers, itinerant selective collection and other systems with ICTs at the municipal level), depending on the size population of the same and the degree of seasonality of the population, as well as measures to improve the quality of the compost produced from bio-waste, not only in the infrastructures of the different Waste Consortiums and the Generalitat, but also promoting , the creation of new domestic or community composting plants in the municipalities that require it. This is intended to comply with the deadlines established by European directives and that Valencian municipalities already have a mature service for this collection in 2023 and in this way, European sanctions in this matter can be avoided.
Likewise, this bill shields the provision of environmental education personnel as a key element in local strategies for effective reduction, reuse and recycling of materials, in line with what is established in the Comprehensive Waste Plan of the Valencian Community approved in 2019.
These important changes will be accompanied by an increase in transparency and information flows between the different administrations and agents involved in the waste streams subject to extended producer responsibility, for example, by introducing the obligation to carry out independent audits regarding costs. cash and the remuneration to the municipalities for the selective collection of containers, as well as the quantities of the different materials that they actually recycle.
Another measure to highlight is the mandatory reintroduction of reusable packaging in the commercial distribution channel in order to comply with the second link of the waste hierarchy (reuse) and take advantage of the logistics already existing in the region.l HORECA. Likewise, the bases are established for the preparation for mandatory reuse in the eco-parks networks of the Valencian Community and the manufacture of products with planned obsolescence objectives is prohibited.
At the same time, the bill contemplates the System of return and return of SDR containers with economic incentive mandatory at least for plastic bottles of less than 3 liters capacity, and the voluntary introduction of the system of return, deposit and return of containers, pending the provisions of the new state waste law and its subsequent royal decree of development in terms of packaging. Automatic SDR equipment shall be compatible with SDDR. The bill also establishes the obligation on the actual recycling of all materials subject to extended producer responsibility (RAP).
It also foresees that reconstruction and European, state and regional funds will be used to promote all new strategies for change and modernization waste management, as well as the prevention of waste generation, promoting the reduction of packaging and the reuse and repair of goods in the Valencian Community, through aid lines aimed at local entities and companies. At the same time, it proposes new processes to improve the collection and recyclability of textile waste, mattresses, drip irrigation rubber, agricultural plastics, as well as demonstration projects for the recycling of agricultural pruning remains.
The proposed law provides for the reinforcement of the staff and capacities of the Ministry in order to achieve the necessary dimensioning to effectively implement the waste prevention and management policy, as well as to promote the circular economy in the Valencian Community; staff and capabilities that at present It is well below the Spanish average and far from the leading communities in terms of waste policy.
Finally, it envisages promoting the implementation of industrial symbiosis by creating an integrated market for secondary raw materials and by-products and an observatory on industrial symbiosis to increase synergies between Valencian industrial companies. Likewise, it is expected to promote research and development in the area of zero waste and industrial symbiosis in collaboration with technological institutes and research centers to advance innovative processes and techniques for the reuse and full recycling of materials, thus minimizing landfill. .
In the processing of this bill, the incorporation of a report from the Legal Advisory Council and the Economic and Social Council of the Valencian Community. Likewise, during the ordinary processing procedure, a process of public participation of all interested agents -economic, social, environmental, etc. will take place.
The PSPV-PSOE spokesman for the Environment, Paco Gil, He recalled that the pandemic “has highlighted more than ever the need to take an active part in caring for our environment.” “We are talking about a municipal law, pro-European and with all legal security, which we also understand is timely” explained the Socialist deputy who stressed that “now is when we have to solve the problems and apply once and for all those three R’s: reduction, reuse and recycling ”.
For its part, the spokesperson for this matter of Compromís, Graciela Ferrer, has indicated that “with this bill we are taking a decisive step in the indispensable ecological transition of the Valencian economy and society. We also comply with one of the commitments of this second Botànic pact. The main objective of this standard is to go beyond waste management to focus on reducing its generation, promoting reuse and recycling, and promoting the application of circular economy criteria in both public and private sector activities. .
“The climate and ecological crisis –Added the member of parliament from Compromís- for a long time we have been challenged to act by reducing our consumption of materials and energy and our impact on ecosystems. The COVID19 crisis has taught us, painfully, that the vulnerability of our lives to an organism on the brink of life. Social and economic reconstruction to overcome the consequences of the pandemic gives us the opportunity to do better, to build a more sustainable, innovative and just society and economy. This law is a contribution to advance on this path. ”
The spokeswoman for Unidas Podem en Medio Ambiente, Beatriu Gascó, He has affirmed that “today the parties that support the Botànic government present this very necessary bill to be able to achieve the urgent measures that the environmental crisis requires.” In this sense, he pointed out that “together with the agrarian and energy transition, the circular economy is the basis of the change that our industrial model has to face in order to comply with European directives but above all with the expectations of citizens and act accordingly. responsible way with the young generations ”.
Digsmak is a news publisher with over 12 years of reporting experiance; and have published in many industry leading publications and news sites.