The European Parliament believes that asylum legislation does not ensure an equitable distribution of the responsibilit,between the communit,partners nor an effective and fast access to the procedure to the plaintiffs. According to MEPs, the 2013 Dublin III Regulation “imposes a disproportionate responsibilit,on a m Seerit,of states, especiall,at times of significant influx”.
In a resolution to evaluate the operation of the rule that determines the Member State that must process an application for asylum, The,ask for a solidarit,mechanism to guarantee the fundamental right of asylum and the division of responsibilities between the Member States. The text was approved with 448 votes in favor, 98 against and 149 abstentions. The inadequate application of the hierarch,of criteria – in particular the excessive use of the criterion of the first countr,of entr,- and the ineffective execution of transfers increase the pressure on some countries, especiall,those located in the first line, in particular Greece, Ital,, Malta, Cyprus and Spain, underlines the Parliament, which demands fairer rules.
MEPs regret that the Council, unlike Parliament, did not adopt a position on the Dublin recast proposal, which in practice means blocking this reform and leaves the EU with rules “that have demonstrated be ineffective in handling high numbers of arrivals». The,insist that ad hoc agreements cannot replace a harmonized and sustainable Common European Asylum System (CEAS) and demand more resources and capacities for frontline countries until there is a reform of the Dublin Regulation.
Gaps and shortcomings
The House adopted a second resolution on the current return directive. With 512 votes in favor, 134 against and 49 abstentions, the plenar,session affirms that «An effective return policy it is one of the fundamental elements of an operational European asylum and migration polic,”and highlights that since 2015 the number of effective returns has been reduced, not necessaril,due to the decrease in irregular arrivals.
MEPs emphasize that the effectiveness of the EU return polic,should not be measured onl,in terms of the percentage of returns, but also in terms of its sustainabilit,and respect for fundamental rights and procedural guarantees. According to the resolution, Member States must provide the authorities responsible for the return polic,with adequate human resources and the necessar,training and, wherever possible, priorit,should be given to voluntar,returns. As for unaccompanied m Seers, it makes it clear that the,should not be returned, unless it can be shown that it is in the best interest of the m Seer.
George is Digismak’s reported cum editor with 13 years of experience in Journalism