Tuesday, October 19

The Government of the World – Information

The Prussians had William I as king in those years. And it was his chancellor Otto von Bismarck, who dreamed of greater Germany. Incidents in which they were involved with the French were several and among them the most serious had to do with Spain. Since the departure of Elizabeth II from the throne, due to the revolution of September 1868, we were looking for a king. The candidacy of Prince Leopold of Hollenzollen-Sigmaringen made the French emperor very ill, who dreamed of placing a compatriot in that place. A diplomatic incident, badly explained by both parties, perhaps intentionally, upset Napoleon Bonaparte’s nephew who declared war. The alliance between Prussia and the conglomerate of duchies, principalities, and the like, who also dreamed of greater Germany, welcomed the challenge. The war, known as Franco-Prussian, of 1870/71, was a military outing for some and a humiliating defeat for others. Napoleon III was imprisoned, the empire was over, and the republic was born. The proud victors were unified and gave birth to their empire, the Second Reich, placing William I as emperor and they did so in a ceremony at the Palace of Versailles, nothing less than the symbol of past Gallic greatness. An unnecessary gesture that was sowing hatred in all the French, present and future, until they found the opportunity to avenge the affront.

Only the very clueless continue to believe that the attack that killed Francisco Fernando, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, was the cause of the Great War, now known as the First World War. In reality, it was only the spark that ignited in the abundant fuel that had been accumulating since 1871. The document that formalized the end of this war was signed, of course! In Versailles, the French staging that this symbol that in its day They tried to take the Germans away from them. He was still at home. The Treaty of Versailles of June 28, 1919, was very unfair to the defeated, sowing enough hatred from day one that a lunatic like Adolf Hitler could lead the Third Reich into World War II.

In 1871, after the Franco-Prussian War, nobody bothered to try to organize something like a “world government.” In 1919, after the Great War, there was a person who wanted to try it, Woodrow Wilson, president of the United States, who managed to introduce in the aforementioned treaty the creation of a League of Nations, an international organization dedicated to working for peace in the world. . He was born with 42 countries and reached 57, working fairly well in his first ten years, 1919-1929, but after the great depression born with the stock market crash, nothing was the same again. The Second World War was the most obvious example of the failure of the SN, which was formally dissolved in April 1946, without a formal transfer of documentation to the UN.

The well-intentioned attempt to build a “world government” after the Great War and its resounding failure did not discourage some world leaders. The death of Franklin D. Roosevelt, possibly the father of the idea, did not make other leaders give up and so on April 25, 1945 in San Francisco the inaugural conference of the United Nations was held, which took place in June when almost fifty states ratified the charter. One of the most important milestones of this organization was the approval on December 10, 1948, in Paris, of the Declaration of Human Rights.

To affirm that the UN has failed miserably is excessive, but it is not unreasonable to argue that it is not being the necessary body for that “government of the world.” I do not think that his disappearance was the best decision, but it would be reasonable to find him some complement. And there are two possible ones that are cited in this sense: G-7 and G-20. I would personally bet on the latter, with a more plural representation and with a statistically significant weight in the world, with 85% of GDP and 65% of the population. I would like to think that the new US president, Joe Biden, has among his projects to reactivate this forum for debate and proposals, as well as its complementarity with the UN.


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