Saturday, September 24

The number of refugees in the world exceeds 100 million for the first time

The ukrainian war and other conflicts have caused the overall number of refugees and displaced people has exceeded 100 million people for the first time since news is reportedas reported on Monday by the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR). “The figure of 100 million is alarming, worrying and sobering. It is a figure that should never have been reached,” said the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Philippo Grandiwho stated that this milestone “It should be a wake-up call to end conflictsthe persecutions, and address the causes that force innocent people to flee their homes”.

The number of refugees and displaced persons in the world at the end of 2021 was around 90 million people, already a record then, but to that figure we must now add the 14 million Ukrainiansmore than a quarter of the national population, who have had to leave their homes this year because of the Russian invasion.

Eight million of these Ukrainians are internally displaced Y more than six million have taken refuge in other countries, according to figures from UNHCR and the International Organization for Migration (IOM).

recent precedent

UNHCRwhich will publish its official number of displaced people in the world in 2021 shortly before the International Refugee Day (June 20), recalls other recent and serious current refugee crises in Ethiopia, Burkina Faso, Burma, Nigeria, Afghanistan or the Democratic Republic of the Congo, among others.

Humanitarian aid for this group “is a palliative, but not a cure: the only way to reverse this trend is peace and the stabilityso that the innocent do not have to choose between being in danger at home or fleeing precariously into exile,” Grandi said.

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To try to offer a magnitude of the figure of 100 million refugees, UNHCR has pointed out that it represents more than 1% of the world’s population and that only 13 countries have a population greater than this number. The data includes refugees, asylum seekers and more than 50 million internally displaced persons.

“To reverse this trend, the only answer is peace and stability, so that innocent people are not forced to choose between the danger at home or the precariousness of flight and exile,” he added.

the covid barrier

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The situation of the refugees has been seen in the last two years very conditioned by the coronavirus pandemic. At least 20 countries continue to deny access to asylum using the measures adopted to fight covid as an excuse. Last Friday, Grandi asked to lift this type of restriction, which contravenes a fundamental human right.

“We are witnessing an unprecedented pandemic of human suffering”, said, for his part, the secretary general of the Norwegian Council for Refugees, Jan Egeland, who denounced the lack of action of political leaders who “betray the most disadvantaged of the world to a level never seen before”. According to Egeland, the international aid system is already overwhelmed and will not be able to respond “without additional resources” to the needs of 100 million people.

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