The biometric digital identity system that the General Directorate of the Police has put out to tender will cost more than 4 million euros and have a database that allows searching and verifying the identity of citizens by the measurements of their faces, in addition to by fingerprints
The General Directorate of the Police wants to incorporate an “automatic biometric digital identity system” that stores data on the physiognomy and measurements of the citizens’ faces, which will be added to the existing one by means of a fingerprint to use it as an additional security measure in the new ID and passports.
This has become known thanks to a hiring notice published in the Official State Gazette (BOE) with which the Police seek to obtain a sophisticated biometric digital identity system that, in addition to fingerprints, allow users to be identified and searched by their face measurements in the official documentation issued by the body.
According to the Spanish General Data Protection Regulation, “biometric data are those personal data referring to the physical, physiological or behavioral characteristics of a person who provide your unique identification“such as facial images or fingerprints.
According to the BOE announcement, the Police value this new technology (which must consist of software and hardware) for the identification of citizens in 4.436.363,64 euros.
“It is intended to incorporate the capabilities of identification and biometric verification to the issuance processes of the National Electronic Identity Document and electronic Passport of a mechanism based on a central system that allows the identification of Spanish citizens by means of their facial and fingerprint biometric characteristics, only in the field of issuance of their national identity documents “, reads the technical specifications of the contract.
Currently there is a fingerprint identity verification system comparing the fingerprint of a citizen with the fingerprint of the DNI in order to verify your identity or renew your documents.
“This has been an identity verification mechanism that to date has been sufficient to guarantee the strong registration of the people to whom the qualified electronic certificates are going to be issued that will allow, through the use of the DNIe as a secure creation device. signature, what your electronic signatures have the same validity as your handwritten signatures“, assures the document.
However, technological evolution, “makes today more efficient migrate local biometric verification to other identification models based on services incorporating the identification capabilities through the search in databases implemented by means of standards and incorporating multimodal fusion methods (facial and finger image) to civil identification processes“, indicates the technical specifications.
For this, the biometric identification services with which the Police seeks to obtain “will be implemented on a commercial system of the highest quality and efficiency that will be composed of the software and hardware components necessary for the use of an unlimited number of users” that may be installed. “at any point determined by the General Directorate of Police “.
Open door to its integration with security cameras
One of the most striking points of the technical specifications is that it does not rule out that the biometric measurements taken by the system do not be integrated in some way with those taken by security cameras in the future.
However, it clarifies that, “in a first phase“This will not happen, but it leaves the door open in the future.
“In a first phase, latent print images or facial images collected by means of low resolution CCTV cameras will not be admissible, this functionality being addressed in a second phase that can be implemented provided that the legal regulations that enable this use have been published in advance, “the statement includes.
Subject of debate
There is great international debate on the use of biometric and facial recognition technologies used by the State security forces and bodies.
Some countries like China use it extensively as a measure of surveillance, social control and a way to identify fraud through the use of security cameras connected to biometric identification systems (something to which the sheet leaves the door open) and that has been the subject of numerous criticisms.
In addition, some police forces in the United States also They use this type of technology. However, states like California have banned that biometric systems for the face can be used by law enforcement agencies.
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George is Digismak’s reported cum editor with 13 years of experience in Journalism