The NATO summit, which is being held in Madrid on July 28, 29 and 30, is now preparing to address some of the most important problems of recent decades. The aid packages in the Ukraine war, the launch of the NATO Strategic Concept and the strengthening of relations between allied countries will be the central points of a meeting that will bring together 44 international delegations in the Spanish capital.
There are many key points that the leaders who have gathered at IFEMA this week will discuss. However, among them there are some decisions that are expected to come out of this summit and that will favor the operation of the organization in the coming months, especially in terms of defense and international relations.
But what are the key issues that international leaders will address during the NATO summit in Madrid? These are the objectives that they hope to achieve during the meetings that they will hold.
Strengthen NATO’s defense
reinforce the nato defense in the long term, it is one of the main objectives pursued by the North Atlantic Alliance. With the front line open with Russia and the trade threat of a rising power like China, stepping up the fight against these issues may be key.
Also, show up as a unit project After the instability caused by the passage of Donald Trump through the United States, it is also another of the key points that NATO is pursuing. “As we face the most serious security situation in decades, the Alliance rises to the challenge with unity and determination,” they say.
Measures to support Ukraine
The focus of this NATO summit will almost certainly be on the international management of the ukrainian war. The intention is that from this meeting a comprehensive support package so that the country of Volodymyr Zelensky can resist the Russian attack attempts.
Furthermore, with the intention increase troops to respond to the Russian invasion (they would go from 40,000 to more than 300,000 troops), from NATO they also plan to convert brigades some of the eight international battalions it maintains in Eastern European countries. They will also try to improve communications with Ukraine and provide it with anti-drone systems and fuel that allow you to renew your outdated military equipment.
[La cumbre de la OTAN convierte a Madrid en capital mundial durante 48 horas con la vista en Ucrania]
NATO’s New Strategic Concept
The launch of the new NATO Strategic Concept will also be very present at this new summit. This document, which includes the values, objectives and tasks of the organization, will be replaced after twelve years.
In the previous one, approved in Lisbon, Russia was considered a key partnerhe NATO. However, with the outbreak of the Russian invasion and the subsequent war in Ukraine, the country led by Vladimir Putin has become the main North Atlantic bloc threat.
This new text will also include the challenges posed by China, as well as terrorism or cyber attacks.
Entry of Finland and Sweden into NATO
The recent candidacy of Finland and Sweden to enter NATO will be another topic to be discussed among the member countries of the North Atlantic Alliance.
The threat that Russia has begun to pose after the invasion of Ukraine has caused many countries, until now neutral, to begin to rethink your membership to the organization. Only Turkey’s veto over issues related to Kurdish terrorism has delayed the accession process.
[Qué pasaría si Suecia y Finlandia entran en la OTAN en la cumbre de Madrid]
Strengthen relations in the Pacific
The strengthening of NATO relations with the countries located in the Pacific will also be an issue to be discussed. For the first time, the leaders of Australia, Japan, New Zealand and South Korea will attend the summit, invited by the current members.
The Alliance plans to strengthen its partnership with these countries at a crucial time when the interests of China and the West collide.
In turn, NATO also plans to help improve the defense of its eastern partners such as Georgia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Moldovabut also from the south, specifically Mauritania and Tunisia.
Increased military spending
In addition, the leaders will seek to renew their commitment to the increased military spendingsomething they already did at the summit in Wales (United Kingdom), in 2014. In it, it was agreed that the countries should have a investment of 2% of its GDP in defense as a starting point and not a ceiling.
For example, Spain is in penultimate position with only 1.03% of GDP allocated to Defense in 2021. Pedro Sánchez is expected to announce an additional investment of around 2-3 billion during the Summit.
[Biden reclamará hoy a Sánchez que duplique el gasto en Defensa]
George is Digismak’s reported cum editor with 13 years of experience in Journalism