Thursday, 12 November 2020 – 01:37
The Palestinian leadership celebrates Trump’s departure as Israel fears Biden will give in to Iran by reverting to the nuclear deal abandoned by the president.
Israeli caution and Palestinian satisfaction at Joe Biden’s victory
Middle East: rebuilding the relationship after the Trump seismic
Shortly before the war of 1973A very young US senator named Joe Biden visited the area and even met with Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir. Half a century later and already as president, make decisions about a very different Middle East.
His victory has been received with mixed feelings in Israel, which on the one hand considers him a “old friend” and, on the other, he preferred the continuity of Donald Trump. In such a divided society, it’s consensus define Trump as the most pro-Israel tenant of the White House as a result of the transfer of the embassy to Jerusalem, the recognition of Israel’s sovereignty in the occupied Golan plateau in the war of 67, the policy of “maximum pressure” before Iran and the intervention for the signing of the historical agreements of Israel with the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Bahrin and Sudan.
In the Palestinian countryside, feelings range from satisfaction, relief and euphoria. Not because of the arrival of Biden but because of Trump’s departure, which for the president of the Palestinian National Authority, Abu Mazen, was a question of being or not being. Increasingly isolated, the veteran leader desperately desired the presidential relay to turn the page to four tough years in which the Palestinian cause was completely relegated not only by Washington but by important Arab capitals.
Abu Mazen and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu face a very uneven hangover from Trump’s term that for the first it was a nightmare and for the second a dream come true.
THE ISRAEL DREAM
“Trump has been perhaps the most pro-Israel president in US history, but Biden also has Israel at his heart. Unlike the most left-wing sections of his party, Biden feels sincerely committed to Israel’s security,” he says. the former Israeli ambassador to Washington, Michael Oren, which was an exceptional witness to the lousy relationship between Netanyahu and President Barack Obama, which had Biden as number two. “With all his sympathies for Israel reflected in votes in the Senate, Biden has a very different position than the Israeli government on the Iran nuclear deal or the Palestinian issue,” he adds. a leader who in the past defined himself as “Zionist”.
Although she remembers having known Biden for 40 years, Netanyahu will not be able to emulate the close strategic, political and even electoral alliance he maintained with Trump demonstrated for example with announcements related to the Palestinians (Jerusalem, colonies, favorable peace plan …) and Iraqis (sanctions and abandonment of the nuclear agreement). Trump listened to Netanyahu after Mossad revealed Iran’s secret nuclear archive at Tehern in 2018. It also helped that the 2015 deal was promoted by his great nemesis, Obama.
The fear Israel is now not centered on the Palestinian front, in which the negotiation is stagnant since 2014, when Biden was vice president, but in Iran. The forecast, confirmed by Biden advisers, is that try to rebuild bridges with Tehern to return, with adjustments, to the agreement that guarantees the slowdown of the advance of the nuclear project and the lifting of sanctions. Casual or not, the Iranian portfolio manager in the Trump Administration, Elliott Abrams, meets these days with Israeli, Saudi and Emirates leaders to promote a new wave of sanctions. “We hope that Biden is firm before Iran and does not follow Obama’s path,” Arab sources from the Persian Gulf tell EL MUNDO.
THE PALESTINE NIGHTMARE
Biden’s victory is the ladder awaited by the Palestinian leadership to get out of the deep well in which he is while on the surface Arab and Israeli leaders make pacts. The first Palestinian measure is glimpsed in the congratulations sent by Abu Mazen this Sunday: the resumption of relations with the US having broken them in response to the transfer of the embassy to Jerusalem.
While the window for the two-state solution is closing, the Palestinians hope that Biden will resume financial aid suspended by Trump, allow the reopening of his diplomatic legation in Washington, and pressure Netanyahu to freeze or reduce construction in Jewish settlements in the West Bank.
Biden return the Palestinian cause to the regional board but will not put obstacles in the way of normalization of relations between Arab countries and Israel – seen by the Palestinians as “treason” – nor reverse the transfer of the embassy. “There was nothing worse than the Trump era! Its end is already a victory. We hope that Biden is more neutral,” reacts the Palestinian leader Nabil Shaat. In these elections, they did not hide their preferences. “If we are going to live another four years with President Trump, God help us and the whole world,” the prime minister had warned. Mohamed Shtayeh.
Still, the Palestinians have no illusions and know that Biden is not Obama and has other urgencies before plunging into the distant and complex conflict that no predecessor of his has managed to resolve.
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