Saturday, October 16

The US turns definitively towards the Indo-Pacific


Updated

Reinforces its strategy against China in its meeting with India, Japan and Australia after the controversy unleashed by the Aukus alliance

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Joe Biden this Friday.
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Joe Biden this Friday.AP
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The Bombay Bidens arrived at the White House on Friday. Because the president of the United States, Joe Biden, has always spoken of his Irish origins, often to express estrangement towards the United Kingdom. But, in 2013, he mentioned that he may have a distant family in the Indian city of Bombay. And now the Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, He has taken advantage of his visit to the White House to inform Biden that, indeed, this is the case. “I have brought the documents” that prove it, Modi said, along with a giggling Biden, whose ‘lantern-hugging’ personality always manifests itself when meeting with foreign heads of government (with the exception of Pedro S├ínchez).

So if Barack Obama had caused hives among the European allies of the United States when in 2009 he defined himself as “the first president of the United States to come from the Pacific” – since he was born in Hawaii -, Joe Biden seems willing to introduce himself as the first president of the Indic, even though the ties between the Delaware Bidens and the Bombay Bidens appear to date back to the late 18th century.

It is not a casual statement. Obama launched in 2010 “the turn to the Pacific.” A decade later, Biden has reinforced it with the Aukus – the new defense pact with Australia and the United Kingdom – and has taken it an ocean further, to the Indian. The new world view of the United States was revealed this Friday afternoon – night in Spain – when the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (known as ‘Quad’) celebrated their first meeting of heads of state and of Government in Washington. There were Biden, Modi, the Japanese Prime Minister, Yoshihide Suga, and the Australian Scott Morrison. In its 17 years of existence, the ‘Quad’ had only once had a ‘virtual’ meeting, again at Biden’s urging, last March.

The leap in the relationship between the four countries is one of those events that activates the salivary glands of experts and geeks of geopolitics. And they are not lacking in reasons. In the ‘Quad’ are the first (USA), third (Japan), and sixth (India) largest economies on Earth, and two nuclear powers (USA and India), with a total population of 1.75 billion people. In front of them is China, the second largest economy in the world, also nuclear power, and with 1,400 million inhabitants.

Beyond numbers, the formalization of the Quad also represents a change of historical dimensions by India. Until the 1990s, that country was part of the Non-Aligned Movement, a group of developing countries that in theory tried to stay out of the dispute between the USSR and the United States but that, in practice, tended to be closer to Moscow than to Washington.

Now, Apple, Amazon and Wal-Mart have their hopes of future growth in that country, which is already the second largest market for Facebook in the world, the largest European steel company (Arcelor, with plants in Asturias) is of Indian capital, and New Delhi has had a nuclear cooperation agreement with the United States since 2005. But the acceptance of the ‘Quad’ is also an exercise in humility on the part of Modi, who has seen how Covid-19 devastated India to the point that the country has had to accept, for the first time in 16 years, international aid to combat a natural catastrophe. The embrace of the ‘Quad’ reveals that the ideas of India as ‘lord of the world’ and ‘self-sufficient’ – which Modi had set as a goal for the country – are unviable. New Delhi cannot go alone, especially when China is surrounding with commercial agreements with your neighbors: Pakistan, Bangladesh, Ceylon, Burma, Nepal, and, since the arrival of the Taliban, Afghanistan.

But whoever thinks that we are at the birth of a new military organization like NATO is wrong. The ‘Quad’ is less than the Atlantic Alliance, as it is not an organization and does not even have a Secretariat. But also has a much larger field of action. In fact, it was born by a natural phenomenon: the 2003 tsunami, which caused 225,000 deaths in fourteen countries. On the basis of international cooperation after the disaster, Japan proposed, with the support of the George W. Bush Government, to create, with India and Australia, in 2007 the ‘Quad’, with the idea of promote “a free Indo-Pacific,prspero inclusive, and rule-based. “

And that’s where this forum is more than NATO. This forum is not limited to defense, but also to cooperation in areas such as fight against climate change, the defense of the environment, and cooperation for sustainable development, all of which are left off the agenda of the mega infrastructure projects that China uses to extend its influence in Asia.

For example, after the telematics meeting in March, the four members agreed that India will produce a billion doses of vaccines against Covid-19, which will be paid for by the United States and Japan, and distributed to the countries of the region. The goal was clear: to present an alternative to the vaccines that China was delivering to many developing countries. The brutal ‘second wave’ of Covid-19 in India, however, has delayed the plan for months. Now, after today’s meeting, there is no doubt that there will be more initiatives.

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