The head of the Israeli opposition, Yair Lapid, announced this Wednesday that it has garnered enough support to form a “coalition of change” that, in principle,
remove Benjamin Netanyahu from power and it will end two years of political crisis.
These are the eight games that make up this heterogeneous coalition.
Directed by Yair Lapid, the centrist Yesh Atid (“There is a future”) party came second in the March legislative elections with 17 seats, behind Netanyahu’s right-wing Likud.
Yesh Atid, created in 2012, has a liberal vision of the economy, advocates a separation between religion and the state and stands as a defender of the middle class.
He has made the fight against corruption his priority and reproaches Netanyahu for being indicted on such charges.
The formation was integrated in 2019 in the ‘Blue-White’ coalition of the former general Benny Gantz before the latter ended up forming a government with Netanyahu in 2020.
Yesh Atid is in favor of the creation of a Palestinian state together with Israel but within the framework of an agreement that allows to maintain certain blocks of Israeli colonies in the occupied West Bank and East Jerusalem, considered illegal by international law.
The Kahol Lavan (‘Blue-White’, the colors of the Israeli flag) party was created by Benny Gantz in 2019 with the purported goal of ousting Benjamin Netanyahu from power.
The coalition practically tied with Likud in the legislative elections of 2019 and 2020 and Gantz ended up joining Netanyahu in a union government.
Some like Lapid considered it a betrayal and left.
‘Blue-White’, match that leans towards the right, defends the colonies of the Jordan Valley and some of the West Bank, a Palestinian territory occupied by Israel since 1967, but is in favor of negotiations with the Palestinians.
Gantz, with a long military career behind him, focuses more than Lapid on security issues, but their programs are similar.
It began as a coalition of right-wing nationalist micro-parties and from 2020 is the radical right-wing party led by Naftali Bennett.
It is made up of religious and secular Jews and militates for the “strengthening of Jewish identity” in Israeli society, for example by teaching more Judaism classes at school.
Close to the Israeli settlers, opposes the creation of a Palestinian state and supports a unilateral annexation of part of the West Bank.
Founded in 1999 by Avigdor Lieberman, former Netanyahu chief of staff, Yisrael Beitenu is a party right-wing nationalist.
Literally ‘Israel, our home’, the party first capitalized on the vote of one million immigrants from the former USSR and was broadening its base to include secular nationalist voters.
The training defends the rights of new Jewish immigrants and is opposes the creation of a Palestinian state.
Secularism is its workhorse and it fights against the advantages accorded to the ultra-Orthodox.
Tikva Hadasha, ‘New Hope’, was founded in December 2020 by Gideon Saar, a former senior Likud official who in the past was part of Netanyahu’s entourage.
He was joined by Likud deputies and former party heavyweights such as Benny Begin, son of former Prime Minister Menahem Begin.
Supported by religious and laity, it defends a liberal economy, a reform of the political system (limitation of mandates, decentralization) and opposes the creation of a Palestinian state.
Labor Party (Avoda)
Heir to the Mapai of David Ben Gurion, founder of the State of Israel in 1948, the Labor Party (Avoda) has collapsed in recent years (three seats in 2020) but improved in the March elections, with 7 seats, under the leadership of Merav Michaeli.
The party defends gender equality, pluralism and addresses issues related to climate change.
This formation of left opposes privatization and calls for an increase in the minimum wage. Is to in favor of the creation of a Palestinian state, but as long as some colonies are part of Israel.
Founded in 1992 by the union of three dissident left-wing parties of the Labor Party, Meretz is led by former journalist Nitzan Horowitz.
He advocates an approach close to Avoda’s, but puts more emphasis on the environment and rights of the LGTB + community.
Meretz supports the freezing of Israeli settlement in the Palestinian Territories, a two state solution and the exchange of territories as part of an agreement.
Led by Mansur Abas, the Islamist Raam party defends the interests of the Israeli Arab community, which represents 20% of the population of Israel and claims to be the victim of discrimination in relation to the Jewish majority.
He broke a taboo saying he was willing to work with Netanyahu to help their community and, in particular, to fight violence.
George is Digismak’s reported cum editor with 13 years of experience in Journalism