On Monday, kyiv woke up to a bitter ‘breakfast’. sounded the anti-aircraft sirens and several explosions could be heard in the Shevchenko district, in the heart of the capital. Russia was launching kamikaze drones with the aim of damaging the Ukroenergo power plant, as part of Putin’s plan to leave Ukraine in the dark.
The use of the drones was aimed directly at Iran. The Biden Administration had already warned in July of Tehran’s commitment to Moscow to send drones and instruct the Russian Army in its handling.
Although both countries have denied the use of this weaponThe New York Times reported the presence of members of Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps in Crimea to teach them how to operate drones.
In addition, Tehran has plans to extend its collaboration to the shipment of surface-to-surface missiles, two senior Iranian officials and two diplomats told Reuters. Specifically, in an agreement sealed on October 6, Vice President Mohammad Mokhber promised to send short-range ballistic missilesFateh-110 and Zolfaghar.
These two missiles are of type surface to surface or land-land, that is, they are launched from land or sea and attack targets on land or at sea; from portable devices, vehicles, fixed platforms or from a ship.
The Fateh-110 missile, almost 9 meters long by 0.60 wide, it was developed by the Iran Aerospace Industries Organization and tested for the first time in 2002. Since then, it has been mass-produced and, in parallel, has been developing, increasing its range and accuracy. Initially, its radius of action was about 200 kilometers but the latest generation – the fourth, developed in 2012 – could already hit targets at 300 kilometersin addition to incorporating a new guidance system that has high precision.
is the launch length of the Fateh-110 missile
Its precision is 30 meters CEP —measurement that indicates the ‘circular error probability’, which calculates the radius with respect to the target in which ballistic weapons fall 50% of the launches—. His flight speed is Mach 3 (about 3,600km/h).
This missile has been used, in addition to Iranian forces, by Syria during the civil war between Bassad Al Asad and the different factions that are clashing in the country. These uses have been confirmed by both Armies, but Israel has also reported launches by Hezbollah, something that Iranian and Lebanese sources have confirmed.
The Zolfaghar, for its part, can be considered a vastly improved Fateh-110, according to some analysts. It measures more than 10 meters with a width equivalent to its predecessor. Also developed by the Aerospace Industries Organization, it was presented in 2016 during a military parade, on board a vehicle with an anti-Israeli banner. Nevertheless, its range is 700 kilometersa greater distance than the one that separates both countries.
It supposes, therefore, a threat to nearby countries. In 2017, six Zolfaghar-type missiles were fired by Iran at Islamic State fighters in eastern Syria, in retaliation for terrorist attacks claimed by the fundamentalists.
is the length that Zolfaghar can reach
The accuracy of this missile is somewhat uncertain. Some reports in the Iranian press claim that it reaches 100 meters CEP, although these extremes are not entirely confirmed. Neither the number of units produced nor whether it has entered the mass manufacturing process is known. has a cluster munition warhead.
These missiles provide Russia with the ability to attack Ukraine from positions far from the center of the action. “A Moscow would love to get all and each of the Iranian weapons platforms that you can obtain, “according to a former senior official of the Obama Administration to the specialized media in Defense 19FortyFive. Furthermore, it could increase pressure on the United States to provide weapons with a greater range.
George is Digismak’s reported cum editor with 13 years of experience in Journalism