we will explain how to activate the TPM chip in two different ways, an essential requirement to be able to install and use Windows 11 on your computer. One of the Windows 11 requirements that is causing the most confusion is the need to have the TPM 2.0 chip, a chip to improve computer encryption that not all computers have.
However, many other teams they do have the TPM chip but it is disabledso before having to buy a new computer if you want to have Windows 11 or resort to the methods to install it without a chip, it is always useful to first try to see if you already have it and if you can activate it manually from Windows or directly from the UEFI from your computer.
Here, it is recommended that try both methods one after another, since sometimes when checking if it is in Windows, the operating system may not detect it, but then you can activate it from the UEFI of your computer. Therefore, if after checking Windows you can’t find it, don’t be discouraged and try the second method.
Find and activate the TPM chip from Windows
One of the methods to know if your PC has a TPM chip and activate it is through the operating system itself, through Windows 10. For that, open the start menu and type tpm.msc. A program with that name and an icon of a key and a microchip will appear, and you will have to click on it to enter it.
If the program tells you that Compatible TPM not found, it is possible that your computer does not have this TPM chip. However, as we have told you before, you still have a chance that it is not activated in the UEFI, and that is why it cannot find it.
If information about TPM appears within this program, then it will mean that you do have this chip installed and ready to use it. Two things can happen here, that the manufacturer of your computer has it activated, or that you have to click on the option Prepare TPM in the right column to activate it manually.
Activate the TPM chip from UEFI
The other alternative to activate the TPM chip in Windows is to do it from the UEFI of your computer, which is the substitute of the old BIOS. For this, you first have to enter the BIOS or UEFI of your computer restarting the computer and pressing the appropriate key before Windows starts to load. This combination depends on your computer’s motherboard, and can be the Escape key, Delete key, Del key, or any of the keys from F1 to F12.
The indication usually appears on the screen as soon as you turn on the computer, and before Windows loads. You will have to press this key before the operating system starts, since once Windows starts to load, you cannot enter the UEFI. Another method is to use Windows 10 Advanced Startup, which takes you to a menu where you can choose to start your computer by entering UEFI.
When you enter the UEFI of the computer, you must move through its tabs with the directional arrows on the keyboard to access the corresponding options section, where you can enable the TPM. Some UEFIs will be in Spanish, but most are in English. here we leave you the instructions to follow within the UEFI depending on the manufacturer of the motherboard, as they have been compiled in Genbeta.
- in ASUS: Go to the advanced options (Advanced) of the UEFI, and find the section Trusted Computing. Here you can enable the TPM Support option by changing the status from Disable to Enable. Then just save the changes and reboot.
- in MSI: Once in the UEFI, enter the advanced options and look for the option Trusted Computing. Here you can enable the TPM option by changing the Security Device Support option from Disable to Enable. Then save the settings and reboot.
- at Lenovo: Once in the UEFI, enter the menu Security and navigate until you find the option Security Chip Selection. There you have to choose the Intel PTT or PSP fTMP option if you have an AMD processor. Then save the changes and reboot.
- in hp: Once in the UEFI, go to the security options and activate TPM by changing the option TPM State to Enable. Then just save the settings and reboot.
- at Dell: Once in the UEFI, go to the security options and look for the option TPM Firmware. In them change from Disable to Enable. Then save the changes and reboot.
Here, it must be said that some UEFIs may have completely different steps, but it is appropriate that you explore the different tabs of the UEFI until you find one in which you see the term TPM. Another thing to keep in mind is that you must have Secure Boot activated in order to activate this chip.
George is Digismak’s reported cum editor with 13 years of experience in Journalism